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Cognitive Behavioral vs. Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) Prevention of Depression in Adolescents

2014-07-23 21:35:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral vs. an interpersonal therapy program for preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents.

Description

Hypothesis -- The cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal therapy prevention programs will be significantly better than the no-intervention control group in preventing depressive symptoms measured at post-intervention and at the 6-month follow-up. Gender differences also will be explored.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Depressive Symptoms

Intervention

Cognitive-behavioral and Interpersonal Therapy

Location

Vanderbilt University
Nashville
Tennessee
United States
37203-5721

Status

Completed

Source

Vanderbilt University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:35:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Therapy whose primary emphasis is on the physical and social structuring of the environment to promote interpersonal relationships which will be influential in reducing behavioral disturbances of patients.

A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.

Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.

A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)

Individual's ability to manage the symptoms, treatment, physical and psychosocial consequences and lifestyle changes inherent in living with a chronic condition. Efficacious self-management encompasses ability to monitor one's condition and to effect the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional responses necessary to maintain a satisfactory quality of life.

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