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Improving Patient-Clinician Communication About End-of-Life Care

2014-08-27 03:42:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The specific aims are:

1. to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of PC-ACP among African American patients with End-stage Renal Disease and their surrogates and

2. to examine preliminary effects of PC-ACP on patient and surrogate outcomes (patients' perceived quality of communication, surrogates' level of comfort in decision making for the patient, patients' difficulty in making choices, patient-surrogate congruence in goals of care, and patients' and surrogates' psychosocial/spiritual receptiveness) at one week following receipt of the intervention.

Description

Despite the increasing emphasis placed on patient-clinician communication about end of life care, efforts to guide the patient to make an informed end-of-life treatment decision often fail. Past efforts to enhance end-of-life discussions were insufficient to create treatment decisions that were consistent with the patient's values and the surrogate's ability to make end-of-life decisions for his/her loved one when required. The importance of effective end-of-life discussions has been documented extensively, yet systematic explorations of the effects of such dialogue with African Americans are nearly absent from the literature. The proposed study is designed to test the ability of an hour-long intervention, Patient-Centered Advance Care Planning (PC-ACP), to enhance clinicians' communication about end-of-life care with patients and surrogates. The specific aims are (1) to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of PC-ACP among African American patients with End-stage Renal Disease and their surrogates and (2) to examine preliminary effects of PC-ACP on patient and surrogate outcomes (patients' perceived quality of communication, surrogates' level of comfort in decision making for the patient, patients' difficulty in making choices, patient-surrogate congruence in goals of care, and patients' and surrogates' psychosocial/spiritual receptiveness) at one week following receipt of the intervention. A randomized, controlled, pre and post study will be conducted. Subjects (patient-surrogate dyads) will be randomized to PC-ACP or to a usual care control group. Data to assess feasibility, clinical and sociodemographic data, and baseline measures of patient and surrogate outcomes will be collected when subjects enter the study. Measures of the patient and surrogate outcomes and data to assess acceptability of the intervention will be administered at one week follow up. Findings from this study are critical to strengthening PC-ACP and designing a randomized controlled trial to test its efficacy for improving the quality of patient-clinician communication and the quality of decision making for future medical care with African American patients, in comparison with non-Hispanic Whites.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

End-Stage Renal Disease

Intervention

Patient-Centered Advance Care Planning

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of Pittsburgh

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.

Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)

Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.

A traditional term for all the activities which a physician or other health care professional normally performs to insure the coordination of the medical services required by a patient. It also, when used in connection with managed care, covers all the activities of evaluating the patient, planning treatment, referral, and follow-up so that care is continuous and comprehensive and payment for the care is obtained. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)

The purpose of this 1990 federal act is to assure that individuals receiving health care services will be given an opportunity to participate in and direct health care decisions affecting themselves. Under this act, hospitals, health care agencies, and health maintenance organizations are responsible for developing patient information for distribution. The information must include patients' rights, advance directives, living wills, ethics committees' consultation and education functions, limited medical treatment (support/comfort care only), mental health treatment, resuscitation, restraints, surrogate decision making and transfer of care. (from JCAHO, Lexicon, 1994)

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