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Prevention of Endoleaks Using Autologous Platelet Gel on Unruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

2014-08-27 03:42:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The main risk of aortic aneurysms is rupture that leads to a high risk of death. A preventive surgical treatment is thus needed. In order to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with conventional surgery, an endovascular approach (insertion of an endovascular stent graft)is now widely favored. The main problem of this procedure is the occurrence of endoleaks (persistence of a communication between the aneurysm and the aorta). A new approach is proposed to prevent these endoleaks. The principle is to draw blood from the patient, separate the blood from the platelets, and reinject both platelet rich plasma (PRP) and autologous thrombin, in order to form a platelet gel (PRP + autologous thrombin). Before studying the efficacy of this technique, its safety of use and feasibility must be evaluated.

Description

The main risk of aortic aneurysms is rupture. Onset is usually sudden, leading to the death of the patient in 80% to 90% of cases. The elective treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms, therefore, seems to be a priority. In order to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with conventional surgery, an endovascular approach (insertion of an endovascular stent graft using the endovascular aneurysm repair procedure) is now widely favored. The main problem, during follow-up of patients wearing an endovascular stent graft, is the occurrence of endoleaks resulting in retrograde filling of the aneurysm sac. The ideal is to prevent these endoleaks either by new developments in endovascular stent grafts or by using adjuvant therapy during the procedure. The principle is to draw blood from the patient, separate the blood from the platelets, and reinject it into two separate catheters, one with platelet rich plasma (PRP) and the other with autologous thrombin, in order to form a platelet gel (PRP + autologous thrombin). Before studying the efficacy of this technique, its safety of use and feasibility must be evaluated.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Intervention

Reinjection of PRP and autologous thrombin in aneurysm sac

Location

Service de Chirurgie Vasculaire - Hôpital de Pontchaillou
Rennes
France
35033

Status

Completed

Source

Rennes University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.

A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.

Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.

Aneurysm of the MICROVASCULATURE. Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are aneurysms of the brain vasculature which is a common cause of CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE. Retinal microaneurysm is an early diagnostic sign of DIABETIC RETINOPATHY.

The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.

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