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KONVERT-AF – Relevance of Point in Time for Conversion of Acute Atrial Fibrillation

2014-07-23 21:35:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To investigate if in acute symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) the early (>2 hrs but within 12 hrs of the beginning of the arrhythmia) electrical cardioversion leads to a longer recurrence-free interval than the delayed cardioversion (> 36 hrs but < 48 hrs after the beginning of the arrhythmia) within the first 3 months after cardioversion.

Description

So far it is unknown if early or delayed cardioversion is most beneficial for patient outcome and which strategy is best to prevent recurrence of AF. The KONVERT-AF trial investigates if in acute symptomatic AF the early (>2 hrs but within 12 hrs of the beginning of the arrhythmia) electrical cardioversion leads to a longer recurrence-free interval than the delayed cardioversion (> 36 hrs but < 48 hrs after the beginning of the arrhythmia) within the first 3 months after cardioversion. Primary endpoint is the time to the first recurrence of AF. The KONVERT-AF trial will be conducted as prospective, randomized, non-blinded multicentre study. It is planned to include 380 patients in 10-20 recruitment centres.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Intervention

external electrical cardioversion

Location

Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II, University Hospital of Bonn
Bonn
Germany
53105

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

German Atrial Fibrillation Network

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:35:27-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A condition caused by dysfunctions related to the SINOATRIAL NODE including impulse generation (CARDIAC SINUS ARREST) and impulse conduction (SINOATRIAL EXIT BLOCK). It is characterized by persistent BRADYCARDIA, chronic ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and failure to resume sinus rhythm following CARDIOVERSION. This syndrome can be congenital or acquired, particularly after surgical correction for heart defects.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Cardiac electrical stimulators that apply brief high-voltage electroshocks to the HEART. These stimulators are used to restore normal rhythm and contractile function in hearts of patients who are experiencing VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION or ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) that is not accompanied by a palpable PULSE. Some defibrillators may also be used to correct certain noncritical dysrhythmias (called synchronized defibrillation or CARDIOVERSION), using relatively low-level discharges synchronized to the patient's ECG waveform. (UMDNS, 2003)

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Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...


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