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Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, and effective treatment options remain quite limited. Raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), is approved at lower doses for treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Its clinical profile is well known. In laboratory studies, this compound affects brain activity in ways that might be expected to improve cognitive function, and recent clinical data support the hypothesis that a higher dose of raloxifene could improve dementia symptoms in women with Alzheimer's disease.
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of raloxifene for the treatment of women with this disorder. Eligible women must have been on a stable effective dose of a cholinesterase inhibitor for at least six months prior to randomization. An estimated 72 women with mild to moderate dementia due to Alzheimer's disease will be enrolled at two sites in this pilot study, and treatment duration will be for 12 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Kaiser Foundation Hospitals, Department of Neurology
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:24:04-0400
The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of treatment with raloxifene, an estrogen-like medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of osteopor...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the increase in spine bone mineral density that has been generally observed in previous clinical studies involving the study drug can be m...
To compare the effects of 2 years of lasofoxifene treatment with 2 years of raloxifene 60 mg/day use and 2 years of placebo use on bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine.
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Abnormal structures located chiefly in distal dendrites and, along with NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES and SENILE PLAQUES, constitute the three morphological hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Neuropil threads are made up of straight and paired helical filaments which consist of abnormally phosphorylated microtubule-associated tau proteins. It has been suggested that the threads have a major role in the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer disease.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat ALZHEIMER DISEASE.
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
A carbamate-derived reversible CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITOR that is selective for the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and is used for the treatment of DEMENTIA in ALZHEIMER DISEASE and PARKINSON DISEASE.
A biochemical phenomenon in which misfolded proteins aggregate either intra- or extracellularly. Triggered by factors such as MUTATION, POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATIONS, and environmental stress, it is generally associated with ALZHEIMER DISEASE; PARKINSON DISEASE; HUNTINGTON DISEASE; and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS.
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Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...