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Background: Surgical wound infection is a common and serious complication. Tissue oxygen tension is often low after surgery and the resistance against infection depends on this factor through bacterial killing by neutrophils. Oxygen is a substrate in this reaction, and it is hypothesized that by increasing the arterial oxygen tension, the risk of surgical wound infection is reduced. Previous studies to test this hypothesis have shown entirely different results. Hence, the clinical decision between high and normal oxygen concentration is still controversial.
Primary hypothesis of study: Use of 80% oxygen decreases the incidence of surgical wound infection after abdominal surgery.
Secondary objectives: To investigate the effect 80% oxygen on pulmonary complications (atelectasis, pneumonia, respiratory insufficiency), second operation, mortality and length of postoperative hospitalization and admission to intensive care unit after abdominal surgery.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:35:32-0400
Aim: To investigate the effect of high intra- and postoperative oxygen concentration (80%, as opposed to normally 30%) on pulmonary gas exchange and other pulmonary complications after abd...
The research hypothesis for this study is to possibly reduce the incidence of incisional hernia 2 years postoperatively after midline laparotomy for treatment of aortic aneurysm from 25% t...
This trial will compare the effectiveness of two surgical procedures -laparotomy versus drainage - commonly used to treat necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or isolated intestinal perforation...
Introduction Operative duration is an important but under-studied predictor of mortality in emergency laparotomies. Aims & Objectives The objective of this study was to quantify the effec...
The study was conducted in 250 patients who underwent midline Laparotomy at Kasr Al-Ainy emergency department, Cairo University from August 2017 until March 2018. Factors such as age ,sex,...
Outcomes following damage control laparotomy for trauma have been studied in detail. However, outcomes following a single operation, or "single-look trauma laparotomy" (SLTL), have not. We evaluated t...
Sustained release liposomal bupivacaine (LB) is a new pain control option that can reduce opioid use after laparotomy, which is known to prolong ileus, length of stay.
To evaluate the effects of hyperbaric oxygenation on prevention of adhesions in the abdominal cavity after laparotomy.
Emergency laparotomy in patients over the age of 80 is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Accurate risk prediction in this patient population is desirable. Sarcopenia has been shown to be a...
A glucose/oxygen biofuel cell (BFC) that can operate continuously under oxygen-free conditions is described. The oxygen-deficit limitations of metabolite/oxygen enzymatic BFCs have been addressed by u...
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.
Unstable isotopes of oxygen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. O atoms with atomic weights 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20 are radioactive oxygen isotopes.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...
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