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This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled will determine the relative efficacy of standard versus extended transdermal nicotine (TN) therapy for smoking cessation. After completing the eligibility screening, 600 treatment-seeking smokers will be randomized to receive either standard treatment (ST) with TN (21mg x 8 weeks, placebo x 16 weeks) or extended treatment (ET) with TN (21mg x 24 weeks). All participants will receive behavioral counseling. The primary outcome will be biochemically verified abstinence from smoking at the end of treatment (week 24). Secondary outcomes include abstinence at week 28 (4 weeks after treatment is discontinued), and time to failure. We hypothesize that ET will produce significantly higher quit rates than ST; however, the benefit of ET will last only so long as treatment is continued. Support for this hypothesis would indicate that maintenance therapy with TN should be considered.
Please see brief summary.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Tobacco Use Cessation
Standard Patch Treatment, 24-weeks of nicotine patch
Tobacco Use Research Center
Active, not recruiting
University of Pennsylvania
Published on BioPortfolio: 2010-07-15T17:00:00-0400
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An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.
Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.