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Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Treatment and Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for Chronic Low Back Pain

2014-07-23 21:35:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The primary purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two psychological techniques in chronic low back pain patients treated in hospital pain clinics. The techniques are: cognitive behavioral treatment and mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR). This is a multiple site project in which patients come from 16 different pain clinics throughout Spain. The control group is formed by patients under usual medical treatment at pain clinics. The two intervention groups also receive usual medical treatment at pain clinics plus one psychological therapy treatment. The sample size is 330 subjects.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)

Conditions

Chronic Low Back Pain

Intervention

Cognitive Behavioral Treatment, Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction

Location

Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Dept. Psicología Básica, Evolutiva y de la Educación
Bellaterra, Barcelona
Cataluña
Spain
08193

Status

Completed

Source

Kovacs Foundation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:35:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.

A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.

Individual's ability to manage the symptoms, treatment, physical and psychosocial consequences and lifestyle changes inherent in living with a chronic condition. Efficacious self-management encompasses ability to monitor one's condition and to effect the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional responses necessary to maintain a satisfactory quality of life.

Behavioral treatment that uses drill and practice, compensatory and adaptive strategies to facilitate improvement in targeted learning areas.

A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.

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