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Depression is a serious illness that affects a person's mood, thoughts, and physical well-being. Research suggests that approximately one in five children meets criteria for a major depressive episode by the end of high school. These children are at increased risk for a wide range of social, psychological, physical, and achievement-related problems. Thus, the potential benefits of effective and highly transportable depression prevention programs are enormous. The Penn Resiliency Program (PRP) is a school-based group intervention that teaches cognitive behavioral and social problem-solving skills to young adolescents. This study will examine the effectiveness of PRP in preventing symptoms of depression and anxiety among a group of young adolescents.
Participants in this open label study will be randomly assigned to one of three groups: adolescent only PRP, adolescent plus parent PRP, or no treatment control. In adolescent PRP, students will be taught cognitive and behavioral problem solving skills by school counselors and teachers. Parents in PRP will be taught to model and reinforce the skills taught in the adolescent program. Participants in the adolescent program will attend twelve 90-minute group sessions after school hours. Participants in the parent program will attend six 90-minute group sessions. Adolescent participants will attend booster sessions twice per year for 2 to 3 years after the initial treatment has ended. Parents will attend one booster session per year during the follow-up phase. Adolescents' depression and anxiety symptoms will be assessed through questionnaires at baseline, post-treatment, and 6-month intervals for 2 to 3 years following the intervention. Adolescents will also complete questionnaires about their coping behaviors, feelings of hopelessness, and several other outcomes related to depression and anxiety in adolescence. Data will be collected once per year from parents and teachers. Adolescent participants will also be assessed for depression and anxiety disorders each year the child is in the study.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Adolescent only Penn Resiliency Program (Adolescent PRP), Parent Penn Resiliency Program (Parent PRP)
University of Pennsylvania
Active, not recruiting
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:10-0400
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An adolescent who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Adolescent hospitalized for short term care.
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
A person 13 to 18 years of age.
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