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Pelvic IMRT With Tomotherapy: A Phase I Feasibility Study in Post-Hysterectomy Cervical Cancer Patients

2014-08-27 03:43:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Indications for post-hysterectomy radiation therapy (RT) have been well established by clinical data. Adjuvant RT has demonstrated local control and survival benefit. In patients with nodal disease, adjuvant chemotherapy concurrent with radiation has further improved the clinical outcome. The acute hematological and gastrointestinal toxicity of concurrent chemo-radiotherapy can be quite high, sometimes preventing patients from completed their full treatment course, potentially compromising the therapeutic benefit of treatment. Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is an advanced method of delivering external beam radiation that may minimize the volume of normal tissue irradiated to high dose and thus decrease the risk of normal tissue toxicity. Helical tomotherapy is a novel treatment device with sophisticated imaging and treatment delivery features that are optimally suited for IMRT. There are retrospective clinical data supporting the use of non-tomotherapy delivered IMRT to treat patients with gynecologic cancers. The proposed study will prospectively test whether helical tomotherapy is a feasible method for delivering IMRT in post-hysterectomy cervical cancer patients receiving adjuvant RT. Here, the question of feasibility is simply one of verifying that target volumes are reliably covered by 'sculpted' IMRT high-dose regions. Although this is not a treatment effectiveness study, we will also follow the clinical outcome of these patients, including toxicity, local control and survival, in anticipation that this information will be valuable if the treatment modality is judged feasible and will be used for further treatments of this patient population.

Description

Patients with cervical cancer receiving post-operative radiotherapy (RT) for high risk features found on pathologic review will be treated with pelvic intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Helical tomotherapy will be used to plan and deliver the radiation treatment. Treatment volume will include the upper third of the vagina and para-vaginal tissue and the common, external and internal iliac nodal regions. External beam radiation will be delivered in 180 cGy daily fractions to a total dose of 5040 cGy. Patients will receive once a day treatment five days a week, for approximately 6 weeks. Concurrent chemotherapy and/or intracavitary brachytherapy may be included in the treatment plan at the discretion of the treating physician, consistent with routine clinical practice.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Uterine Cervical Neoplasms

Intervention

Tomotherapy

Location

Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis
Missouri
United States
63110

Status

Recruiting

Source

Washington University School of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:14-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.

A cytological test finding often from PAP SMEARS that shows abnormal lesions of SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS of the CERVIX. It is a diagnostic criterion used in the Bethesda System for UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS and represents the PAP TEST result that is abnormal. Although squamous intraepithelial lesions test result does not mean UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS it requires follow-ups (e.g., HPV DNA TESTS; and COLPOSCOPY).

Incompetent UTERINE CERVIX is usually diagnosed in the second trimester of PREGNANCY. It is characterized by passive painless cervical dilation in the absence of UTERINE CONTRACTION; BLEEDING; INFECTION; and sometimes with the amniotic sac (AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE) bulging through the partially dilated cervix. Left untreated, this condition may lead to premature pregnancy loss, such as HABITUAL ABORTION.

Abnormal development of immature squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS of the UTERINE CERVIX, a term used to describe premalignant cytological changes in the cervical EPITHELIUM. These atypical cells do not penetrate the epithelial BASEMENT MEMBRANE.

A parameter usually used in PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY to measure the length of the uterine neck (CERVIX UTERI). Cervical length or its shortening is used to identify and prevent early cervical opening and PRETERM BIRTH.

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