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The purpose of this study is to determine whether the use of oral pregabalin 150 mg as premedication reduces the amount and degree of postoperative pain.
Furthermore the purpose of this study is to determine whether the use of oral pregabalin 150 mg as premedication reduces anxiety prior to anaesthesia in these patients.
The mechanism of development of postoperative pain is complex. Central and peripheral sensitization are playing an important role and this can lead to postoperative hypersensitization. Several studies have shown, that gabapentin can be effective to reduce sensitization and postoperative pain. Pregabalin (S-aminomethyl-5-methylhexaninacid) is a further development of gabapentin. Pregabalin has a fewer side-effects compared with gabapentin.
The purpose of this study is to compare the analgetic and anxiolytic effect of pregabalin and placebo used as premedication.
The hypothesis is that a single-dose pregabalin (150 mg p.o.) gives significant better anxiolysis and analgesia than placebo.
The study is including patients undergoing surgery of the vertebral columna.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervertebral Disk Displacement
Asker and Baerum Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Asker & Baerum Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:28-0400
Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is the primary cause of low back pain. The most important factor in the development of DDD is the vertical load force on the disc, increasing the hydrostati...
The objective of our study will be to analyze the interplay between particular VDR variants and its ligand in cells obtained from intervertebral disc and cartilage endplate and their actio...
This study, will compare pregabalin with placebo for the duration of 14 weeks to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pregabalin in patients with fibromyalgia.
Pregabalin is an alpha-2 delta ligand approved for the treatment of neuropathic pain, however, not all patients will respond to this drug. This study will compare the efficacy of pregabali...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of pregabalin in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia in a dose-ranging manner.
A minimally invasive procedure for intervertebral disk resection using plasma beams has been developed. Conventional parameters for the plasma procedure such as voltage and tip speed mainly rely on...
The most common cause of low back pain is the intervertebral disk (IVD) degeneration. Standard modes of MRI (T1 and T2-modes) do not allow quantifying the degree of IVD degeneration. Diffusion-weighte...
The objective is using saliva instead of plasma for pregabalin therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) since saliva reflects the free non-protein bound drug concentration, simple and noninvasive sampling, c...
Drug users reportedly abuse pregabalin, and its combination with opiates was related to fatalities. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of pregabalin misuse and risk factors among patients in methadon...
To assess the procedural efficacy and safety of a Navigable Percutaneous Disk Decompressor (L'DISQ-C) for cervical disk herniation.
An intervertebral disk in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
The dissolving of the nucleus pulposus, the semi-gelatinous tissue of a displaced INTERVERTEBRAL DISK. It is usually achieved by the direct injection of a proteolytic enzyme, especially CHYMOPAPAIN, into the herniated disk.
Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.
Excision, in part or whole, of an intervertebral disk. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...