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Transcranial Doppler Measurement and Prognosis in Moderate Head Injury

2014-08-27 03:43:28 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether Transcranial Doppler measurements have correlation with neuropsychological test (Galvestone Orientation Amnesia Test), TC image (Marshall Scale) and prognosis (DRS and GOS) in moderate head injury

Description

The head injury is a frequent problem of health, which produces high morbi-mortality. Today is the main cause of death and disability between 18 and 40 years. In addition it originates expensive expenses in health care systems.

Severity of cerebral injury is not only because of impact, it is implicated many physiopathological changes. Decrease or increase of cerebral blood flow (CBF) play important roll formation of edema and intracranial hypertension. Hypoxic/ischemic damage is the final point of both changes.

The transcranial Doppler (TCD) was introduced around 1982. Through TCD can be measured the flow velocity of intracranial arteries, which let us identify changes in diameter in vessels. There are three windows of access to arteries: transtemporal, transorbitary and suboccipital.

The parameter are systolic velocity (S), tele-diastolic velocity (D), mean velocity (M) and pulsatility index (PI). Many studies have been conducted for evaluate utility in head injury, TCD can identify changes that correlate with alteration in CBF intracranial pressure (ICP).

The autoregulatory status is important, TCD with decrement in D and increment in PI could tell us about failure in this issue. An invasive way for estimate cerebral perfusion pressure (CCP) with TCD. The most sensible for fall in is amplitude in FV. However there is more correlation between CPP and PI. Vasospasm can occur post trauma, for identify the Lindegaard ratio (FVcma/FVcia) is useful. The other change, hyperemia, can be demonstrated by continuously increase FV. In post traumatic time is very important identify alterations which could produce ischemia. The measurement of CPP generally is gotten by invasión with ICP determination.

In severe head injury has been demonstrated correlation between ICP and PI, strongest for CPP and PI. Other parameters are oligaemia and vasospasm in the first 24 hours correlate poor outcome.

Because of the non invasive characteristic and good correlation with physiologic and prognosis, we think it is important evaluate if there are a kind of correlation between amnesia and orientation, prognosis and TCD parameters.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Head Injury

Location

Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto"
San Luis Potosi
Mexico
78240

Status

Suspended

Source

Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:28-0400

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An injury in which the damage is located on the opposite side of the primary impact site. A blow to the back of head which results in contrecoup injury to the frontal lobes of the brain is the most common type.

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Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

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