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This is a study of the effect of time on the effectiveness of topical anesthetics in the mouth. The Null Hypothesis is: Regardless of the time of application over a 10-minute period, there is no difference in the clinical effectiveness of the topical anesthetic 5% lidocaine on (a) the pain of needle stick insertion and (b) the pain of local anaesthetic administration.
The study design will be a double blind randomized controlled split-mouth clinical trial. It is proposed to compare the effectiveness of the standard topical anesthetic 5% lidocaine with a placebo over the time period of 2, 5 and 10 minutes after application. The topical will be placed on the palatal soft tissue where the perception of pain is the highest in the oral cavity. Both the pain of needle insertion and the pain of local anesthetic injection will be compared.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Faculty of Dentistry
University of Toronto
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:29-0400
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A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.
A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.
Dull or sharp aching pain caused by stimulated NOCICEPTORS due to tissue injury, inflammation or diseases. It can be divided into somatic or tissue pain and VISCERAL PAIN.
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