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Combination Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

2014-08-27 03:43:30 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving combination chemotherapy together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving combination chemotherapy together with radiation therapy works in treating patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer. The doctor also wants to find out if patients who receive this treatment need a feeding tube 1 year after starting treatment.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine feeding tube dependency at 12 months in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer treated with induction chemotherapy comprising docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil followed by cisplatin and reduced-dose radiotherapy.

Secondary

- Determine the progression-free, disease-free, and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the pattern of failure in patients treated with this regimen.

- Evaluate the quality of life of patients treated with this regimen.

- Assess pre- and post-treatment swallowing ability of patients and the impact on their quality of life.

Tertiary

- Quantify salivary flow rates of patients receiving chemotherapy with radiotherapy for head and neck malignancy.

- Evaluate the quality of saliva by examining total protein concentrations.

- Quantify proangiogenic cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1, IL-6, IL-8, and vascular endothelial growth factor) in the saliva of these patients.

- Determine the degree of mucositis and xerostomia of patients receiving chemotherapy with radiotherapy for head and neck malignancy.

- Compare salivary flow rates with the grade of mucositis and xerostomia of patients receiving chemotherapy with radiotherapy for head and neck malignancy.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot study.

- Induction therapy: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1 followed by fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1- 4. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) on days 5-14 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 5. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving a partial or clinical complete response proceed to chemoradiotherapy 3 weeks later.

- Chemoradiotherapy: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo concurrent reduced-dose radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks.

- Surgery: Approximately 6 to 8 weeks after completing chemoradiotherapy, patients with residual neck disease or disease initially staged at N2 or greater undergo neck dissection.

Saliva is collected periodically to measure flow rates and quality; quantify proangiogenic cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1, IL-6, IL-8 and vascular endothelial growth factor); and examine the grade of mucositis and xerostomia.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, before chemoradiotherapy, 1 month after the last radiation treatment, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 1 year.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 5 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 36 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Head and Neck Cancer

Intervention

filgrastim, pegfilgrastim, cisplatin, docetaxel, fluorouracil, conventional surgery, radiation therapy

Location

Masonic Cancer Center at University of Minnesota
Minneapolis
Minnesota
United States
55455

Status

Terminated

Source

Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:30-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

A radiological stereotactic technique developed for cutting or destroying tissue by high doses of radiation in place of surgical incisions. It was originally developed for neurosurgery on structures in the brain and its use gradually spread to radiation surgery on extracranial structures as well. The usual rigid needles or probes of stereotactic surgery are replaced with beams of ionizing radiation directed toward a target so as to achieve local tissue destruction.

A followup operation to examine the outcome of the previous surgery and other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

The ability of some cells or tissues to withstand ionizing radiation without serious injury. Tolerance depends on the species, cell type, and physical and chemical variables, including RADIATION-PROTECTIVE AGENTS and RADIATION-SENSITIZING AGENTS.

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