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The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether anecortave acetate can slow or stop the progression of age-related macular degeneration in patients who do not qualify for other studies and have no other treatment options.
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV), a complication of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is the most common cause of profound visual loss in the United States. Laser photocoagulation has been shown to retard visual loss, however only about 20% of patients with CNV are eligible for laser treatment.
Conventional laser photocoagulation of CNV requires laser intensities adequate to coagulate proteins in the target tissue. Due to the proximity of CNV to the center of vision (fovea), the intensity of laser irradiation necessary, and the heat conduction in the ocular tissues, collateral tissue damage often results which further compromises vision. Recently, a new class of compounds (angiostatic steroids) have been found to inhibit the formation of new blood vessels (i.e. neovascularization) in the eye. One new angiostatic steroid, anecortave acetate (AL-3789), may represent a breakthrough in the therapy of ocular neovascular diseases such as AMD and diabetic retinopathy. Anecortave acetate suppresses the formation of new blood vessels in a variety of models of neovascularization. Unlike some of the angiostatic steroids, anecortave acetate appears to be lacking in the pharmacological activities typical of the steroid family (i.e. glucocorticoid, anti-inflammatory, cardiovascular, neurologic, diuretic, etc.) Additionally, anecortave acetate has been shown to arrest lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and basic fibroblast growth factors (bFGH) induced corneal neovascularization, to attenuate oxygen-induced retinopathy and to inhibit the growth of a highly vascularized intraocular tumor.
The purpose of this study is to treat a small number of patients who would not normally qualify for the other anecortave acetate studies. These patients who are not eligible for the other anecortave acetate studies have no other treatment options and will likely experience a poor visual outcome as a result of their AMD. These patients are excluded from other studies because of "occult" neovascularization and visual acuity worse than 20/40. Sub-Tenon's injection of either 15 mg or 30 mg of anecortave acetate will be administered at the University of Iowa. The patients will be followed for a minimum of 24 months.
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Ophthalmology
No longer available
University of Iowa
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:36-0400
To demonstrate that anecortave acetate is superior to placebo in maintenance of visual acuity at the 12- and 24-month visits.
In this study patients will receive a posterior juxtascleral administration of anecortave acetate for depot suspension 15 mg every three months versus 15 mg every six months versus 30 mg e...
The purpose of this study is to provide compassionate use of anecortave acetate sterile suspension of 15 mg for a series of five patients as a means to control classic neovascularization f...
The purpose of the study was to determine the concentration of anecortave acetate (15 or 30 mg versus placebo) that is safe and effective for the inhibition of the growth of blood vessels ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of combining juxtasclerally administered anecortave acetate 15 mg with triamcinolone acetate 4 mg administered intravitreally following ...
To determine the significance of the correlation between optical coherence tomographic (OCT) findings and focal macular electroretinograms (fmERG) at 12 months after beginning intravitreal injections ...
To demonstrate the advantage of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) for the diagnosis and management of proliferative macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel2) masquerading as neovascular ag...
To investigate the relationship between perfusion of the choriocapillaris (CC) and macular function in eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration.
What patients should eat to reduce their risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is still unclear. We investigated the effect of a diet recommended by Health Councils on AMD.
The association between long-term cardioprotective aspirin use and neovascular age-related macular degeneration is controversial. This study was undertaken to estimate the risk of neovascular age-rela...
A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.
A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
A form of RETINAL DEGENERATION in which abnormal CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION occurs under the RETINA and MACULA LUTEA, causing bleeding and leaking of fluid. This leads to bulging and or lifting of the macula and the distortion or destruction of central vision.
Degenerative changes in the RETINA usually of older adults which results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the MACULA LUTEA) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in dry and wet forms.
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...