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Biliary Atresia Study in Infants and Children

2014-08-27 03:43:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Little is known about the factors that cause biliary atresia nor the factors that influence disease progression. The purpose of this study is to collect the pertinent clinical information, genetic material and body fluid samples to enable investigators to address the following aims: To identify the gene or genes implicated in the etiology of BA; To identify polymorphisms that may be important in disease progression such as HLA polymorphisms; To characterize the natural history of the older, non-transplanted child with BA.

Description

Little is known about the factors that cause biliary atresia nor the factors that influence disease progression. A variety of genetic, autoimmune and environmental influences have been hypothesized to be important. Most studies to date have focused on the neonate and young child with BA, yet the older surviving child with BA can provide important information about genetics, as well as, natural history.

The purpose of this study is to collect the pertinent clinical information, genetic material and body fluid samples to enable investigators to address the following hypotheses:

Hypothesis 1: A genetic defect is a likely causative factor for BA among children with BA and multiple congenital anomalies.

Hypothesis 2: Autoimmune factors are likely to contribute to disease progression or acquisition and can be identified by correlating HLA among children with BA to healthy controls and by comparison of those who develop early complications including, variceal bleed, ascites, and growth failure compared to those who do not.

Hypothesis 3a: Sentinel events such as variceal bleeding, ascites and growth failure are earlier predictors of death or need for liver transplantation than the pediatric end-stage liver disease score (PELD) Hypothesis 3b: Health related quality of life will be impaired compared to healthy age matched children and relate to severity of illness.

Hypothesis 3c: Growth failure as measured by anthropometrics and nutritional supplementation will be predictive of onset of sentinel events (ascites, variceal bleed, death, and transplant) in the following 24 months.

This study will be performed by the Biliary Atresia Research Clinical Research Consortium (BARC), an NIDDK-funded network.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Biliary Atresia

Location

University of California at San Francisco
San Francisco
California
United States
94143

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:48-0400

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Clinical and pathological features of patients with biliary atresia who survived for more than 5 years with native liver.

The objective of this study was to determine the predictive index for prognosis in patients with biliary atresia (BA).

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To identify genes potentially involved in the pathogenesis of bile duct obstruction in biliary atresia (BA).

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To review long-term transplant-free survival and quality of life of patients with biliary atresia.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic BILE DUCTS, resulting in the complete obstruction of BILE flow. Usually, biliary atresia is found in infants and accounts for one third of the neonatal cholestatic JAUNDICE.

Operation for biliary atresia by anastomosis of the bile ducts into the jejunum or duodenum.

Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.

Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.

Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

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