Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This study will examine DNA from cancer patients previously treated with Gleevec to look for a variation (mutation) of the ABCG2 gene that may render the drug less effective in certain patients. Gleevec is used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia and gastrointestinal tumors. Although most patients respond to treatment, many with advanced disease develop resistance to the drug. It is thought that in some patients this resistance results from the action of a protein that causes Gleevec to be pumped out of the cells, reducing its usefulness.
Patients enrolled in clinical trials of Gleevec at the National Cancer Institute and at other participating institutions are eligible for this study.
DNA from patients' blood samples are analyzed for the ABCG2 gene and correlated with clinical data, such as the patient's age, race, disease state, weight, height, and body surface area. It will also look at the drug dose, how often the drug is given, the duration of treatment, side effects and other medications taken.
ABCG2, also known as breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that has been shown to confer resistance to several drugs, including mitoxantrone and topotecan. Gleevec (imatinib mesylate) has recently been identified as a substrate for ABCG2. The expression of ABCG2 in the human jejunum has been shown to be higher than expression MDR1, which encodes for P-glycoprotein. Therefore, it is plausible that the oral bioavailability of Gleevec could be dependent on the extent of transport. A single nucleotide polymorphism (C421A) has been identified in ABCG2 and has been shown in vitro to result in functional inactivation of this transporter protein. In this study, the relationship between the genotypes of ABCG2 and the pharmacokinetics or side effects will be retrospectively explored in patients with cancer who had been previously enrolled on clinical trials of Gleevec.
Washington Hospital Center
District of Columbia
Active, not recruiting
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:56-0400
Breast cancer is a common cancer in women of worldwide. Cancer cells with stem-like properties played important roles in breast cancer, such as relapse, metastasis and treatment resistance. Micro-RNA-...
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. Although invasive melanoma accounts for only 2% of all skin cancer cases, it is responsible for 80% of skin cancer deaths. Basal and...
Curing cancer by controlling the growth of the cancer cell is the objective of this paper. The growth of the cancer cell is analysed by the optimization programming. The algorithm is proposed for mini...
The International Agency for Research on Cancer classified both outdoor air pollution and airborne particulate matter as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) for lung cancer. There may be associations wit...
colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer and cancer-related death in the world. Noninvasive biomarkers for early diagnosis of CRC are highly demanded.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.
A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...