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Environmental Factors in the Development of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

2014-08-27 03:43:57 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is manifested as a heterogeneous mixture of clinical and bichemical characteristics that complicate study of its etiology. It is currently unclear to what extent PCOS-associated traits (hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, and coronary artery disease) are the result of environmental factors or genetic predisposition. We propose to conduct a twin study to investigate the possibility that environmental factors are important in the development of the PCOS phenotype. Twin studies are considered to be the gold standard for determining the extent of heritability of a trait. The proposal described here is only for Step 1 of a larger, multi-step study. The major goal of step 1 is to identify a large cohort of twin pairs, in which at least one member of each pair is likely to have PCOS.

Participants for this study will come from the Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry (MATR). Many (3283) potential participants have already been identified based on their answers to a preliminary MATR screening questionnaire. Out of the approximately 7145 twin women of reproductive age who completed these MATR screening questionnaires, 1803 women reported irregular periods, 954 reported ovarian cysts, and 526 reported both irregular periods and ovarian cysts. Many of the women in this last group are likely to have PCOS. They represent 7.4% of the total sample, matching current estimates of PCOS prevalence (4-7%) in reproductive age women. We will also add new twin pairs who meet the criteria (irregular periods and evidence of PCOS or cystic ovaries) as they are recruited into the MATR and take the preliminary surveys. According to MATR statistics, about 33% of twin pairs are monozygotic (MZ, identical). Therefore, approximately 174 of the 526 women likely to have PCOS are members of a MZ pair.

Step 1 of the proposed study consists of a telephone survey of the 3282 women with irregular periods and/or ovarian cysts. The survey will be conducted by the MATR. The instrument to be used contains a series of simple and direct questions and will take about 10 minutes to complete. The questions were designed to identify PCOS and their content deals with the frequency of menstrual periods (six or fewer per year being a major diagnostic criterion), a previous diagnosis of PCOS, obesity, excess facial hair and other evidence of hyperandrogenism. The women will also be asked if t...

Description

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is manifested as a heterogeneous mixture of clinical and bichemical characteristics that complicate study of its etiology. It is currently unclear to what extent PCOS-associated traits (hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, and coronary artery disease) are the result of environmental factors or genetic predisposition. We propose to conduct a twin study to investigate the possibility that environmental factors are important in the development of the PCOS phenotype. Twin studies are considered to be the gold standard for determining the extent of heritability of a trait. The proposal described here is only for Step 1 of a larger, multi-step study. The major goal of step 1 is to identify a large cohort of twin pairs, in which at least one member of each pair is likely to have PCOS.

Participants for this study will come from the Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry (MATR). Many (3283) potential participants have already been identified based on their answers to a preliminary MATR screening questionnaire. Out of the approximately 7145 twin women of reproductive age who completed these MATR screening questionnaires, 1803 women reported irregular periods, 954 reported ovarian cysts, and 526 reported both irregular periods and ovarian cysts. Many of the women in this last group are likely to have PCOS. They represent 7.4% of the total sample, matching current estimates of PCOS prevalence (4-7%) in reproductive age women. We will also add new twin pairs who meet the criteria (irregular periods and evidence of PCOS or cystic ovaries) as they are recruited into the MATR and take the preliminary surveys. According to MATR statistics, about 33% of twin pairs are monozygotic (MZ, identical). Therefore, approximately 174 of the 526 women likely to have PCOS are members of a MZ pair.

Step 1 of the proposed study consists of a telephone survey of the 3282 women with irregular periods and/or ovarian cysts. The survey will be conducted by the MATR. The instrument to be used contains a series of simple and direct questions and will take about 10 minutes to complete. The questions were designed to identify PCOS and their content deals with the frequency of menstrual periods (six or fewer per year being a major diagnostic criterion), a previous diagnosis of PCOS, obesity, excess facial hair and other evidence of hyperandrogenism. The women will also be asked if they have a living twin sister. On the basis of this survey, women will be identified who are likely to have PCOS and have a living female twin.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Location

NIEHS, Research Triangle Park
Research Triangle Park
North Carolina
United States
27709

Status

Completed

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:57-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.

A condition caused by the excessive secretion of ANDROGENS from the ADRENAL CORTEX; the OVARIES; or the TESTES. The clinical significance in males is negligible. In women, the common manifestations are HIRSUTISM and VIRILISM as seen in patients with POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME and ADRENOCORTICAL HYPERFUNCTION.

A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.

A rare condition of sexual ambiguity in which the individual possesses gonadal tissues of both SEXES, tissues from the OVARY and the TESTIS. There can be a testis on one side and an ovary on the other (lateral), or there may be combined ovarian and testicular tissue (ovotestes) on each side (bilateral). Most common karyotype is 46,XX. Others include 46,XY and 45,X/XY.

The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.

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