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Construction and Use of Lung Tumor Microarray for the Analysis of Gene Expression in Lung Cancer

2014-08-27 03:43:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The proposed research intends to construct a set of tissue microarrays containing different types of normal and lung cancer tissues for the study of genes associated with lung cancer. Thus far we have generated a lung cancer tissue arrayusing paraffin embedded archival tissues from 300 lung turmors tissues and 100 adjacent normal tissues. Four- micrometer thickness sections have been cut from the tissue array and were used to survey gene expression status in arrayed tumors using immunohistochemistry methody. We are currently performing IHC studies ot 1) determine protein expression and its correlation with gene expression patterms ovserved using cDNA arrays. 2) Analyze protein expression in the chromosome remodeling pathyway in non-small cell lung cancer. And 3) determine the association of gene expression with lung tumor stage and clinical outcome. The current protocol is needed to complete the above studies and for the production of neuroendocrine tumors.

Description

The proposed research intends to construct a set of tissue microarrays containing different types of lung cancer tissues for the study of genes associated with lung cancer. In this study, lung tissue arrays will be generated using paraffin embedded archival tissues containing adjacent normal tissues and tumors from approximately 300 non-small cell lung cancers and 100 neuroendocrine tumors of the lung. Corded tissues of 0.6 um in diameter will be taken from each tumor and arrayed onto recipient paraffin blocks to generate a lung tumor specific microarray. Four-micrometer thickness sections will be cut from the tissue array and used to survey gene expression status in arrayed tumors using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH, in situ hybridization, and/or immunohistochemistry methods. Additionally, approximately 20 sections will be cut from each primary tumor block to isolate genomic DNA for the analysis of genetic changes in the arrayed tumor samples. The goals of this proposal are 1) to generate a single tissue block containing multiple tumors, 2) allow rapid and efficient analysis of gene expressions in a large number of samples using a single tissue section, and 3) to correlate the molecular changes in the tumors with the clinical and pathological features of the disease. Due to the experimental nature of the research and the fact that all tumors obtained are archival tissues at AFIP, the investigators will not report the result of gene expression back to the subject.

To date, all samples needed for the protocol have been reached and there will be no more patient accrual but survival status of the patients as well as molecular analysis using the constructed lung tissue microarrays will continue for the foreseeable future.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Lung Cancer

Location

National Cancer Institute (NCI), 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Completed

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

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