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Lunch Time Insulin Injection by School Nurse for Poorly Controlled Diabetes

2014-08-27 03:43:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

We hypothesize that checking blood sugar and taking long and short acting insulin before lunch at school may improve overall blood sugar control, grades, and decreases school absences in children and teens with poorly controlled T1DM.

Description

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT), for type 1Diabetes (T1DM), showed the importance of intensified diabetes control in helping reduce complications associated with poorly controlled diabetes. However, adolescents with T1DM continue to be a high-risk population due to the difficulties in coping with the physical, emotional, and social demands associated with managing diabetes themselves.

We propose to use the school nurse to help with lunchtime blood sugar monitoring (BSM) and with a lunchtime insulin injection. We want to see if this will improve blood sugar control, improve school grades, and decrease absences from school in adolescents with poorly controlled diabetes. Subjects will receive 12 weeks of this treatment to see if they will have improved glucose control. We hope to improve blood sugar control, school grades and decrease absences from school in teens with poorly controlled diabetes.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Type 1 Diabetes

Intervention

glargine insulin

Location

Texas Children's Diabetes Center
Houston
Texas
United States
77030

Status

Completed

Source

Baylor College of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:43:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A recombinant LONG ACTING INSULIN and HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENT that is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE in patients with DIABETES MELLITUS.

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

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