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We hypothesize that the combination of naltrexone and SSRI will exhibit a greater decrease in alcohol consumption than that seen with treatment with SSRI alone, or with a combination of another class of antidepressant and naltrexone. We also hypothesize that SSRI will be effective in treating PTSD and depressive symptoms and naltrexone will be well tolerated.
OBJECTIVE: Alcoholics with current comorbid mental disorders constitute the majority of alcoholics in clinical settings. Although there are two FDA approved medications for the treatment of alcoholism (naltrexone and disulfiram), there are no established pharmacotherapies for individuals with comorbid alcoholism and psychiatric illnesses. Studies suggest that the class of antidepressants known as serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is effective in reducing alcohol use in depressed individuals. In addition, a small open label study has shown that SSRIs have similar effects on individuals with comorbid PTSD and alcoholism. Preclinical studies have shown that the combination of a serotonergic agent and naltrexone was more effective than either medication alone in suppressing alcohol intake. To address this issue, we are conducting a 13 week randomized clinical trial evaluating the effects of paroxetine, desipramine and naltrexone in reducing alcohol use in alcohol dependent individuals who currently meet DSM-IV diagnosis for Depressive Disorder or PTSD. RESEARCH PLAN: One hundred and twenty subjects who are alcohol dependent patients with comorbid PTSD or Depressive Disorder will be recruited from the following West Haven VA sources: the Substance Abuse Treatment program, the PTSD clinic, the Women's clinic, clinical referrals and advertisement. These subjects will be randomized in a double-blind fashion to one of four cells. We will compare paroxetine versus desipramine and naltrexone versus placebo. The antidepressant will be started at a low dose and titrated upward on a fixed schedule. The target dose will be 40mg for paroxetine and 200mg for desipramine. Minimum dosage permitted for study retention will be 20mg for paroxetine and 150mg for desipramine. Pharmacological treatments will last 13 weeks. Psychosocial treatment will involve medication compliance therapy, using the Microelectric Event Monitoring (MEMS) bottle caps. The specific aim of the research is to compare the relative effectiveness of paroxetine versus desipramine and naltrexone versus placebo in reducing the quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption. METHODOLOGY: The primary outcome measures of major interest will include: frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption, self-reported craving, self-reported psychiatric and emotional distress, diagnostic assessment or psychiatric symptoms and side effects. These outcomes will be measured by the following: self-assessments, Timeline Followback, Hamilton Depression and anxiety scales, CAPS, ASI, Quality of Life, breathalyzer tests and monthly liver function tests.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
paroxetine, desipramine, naltrexone
VA Connecticut Healthcare Systems
Active, not recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:44:06-0400
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of multiple doses of DVS SR and paroxetine on the pharmacokinetics of a single dose of desipramine in healthy subjects.
This study will be measuring changes in depressive symptoms over a 7 week time period. Double-blind placebo controlled trial using the pharmacologic agents Paroxetine or Desipramine.
This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the medication naltrexone (Revia) for treating alcoholism. Individuals will be inpatients for a 2 week period and provide assessments of thei...
This is a study involving treatment for alcohol dependence (alcoholism). The study will combine motivational enhancement therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy (combined behavioral inter...
The study's purpose is to improve alcoholism treatment by investigating the combined effectiveness of a psychotherapy (Coping Skills Training and Cue Exposure Treatment - CSTCET) with nalt...
Naltrexone in standard and reduced doses is efficacious in many inflammatory and acantholytic disorders.
The theoretical benefits of naltrexone as a treatment for opioid use disorder (e.g., safety, non-addictive, low risk of diversion) stand in sharp contrast to its disappointing record on retention in m...
Naltrexone has been shown to attenuate craving and the subjective effects of methamphetamine. Although naltrexone has modulatory effects on neural activity at dopaminergic synapses, the effect on stri...
Background It remains unclear if naltrexone combined with psychotherapy is superior to naltrexone alone in treating alcohol use disorders (AUD). The current meta-analysis examined the hypothesis that ...
Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) is a membrane lipid hydrolase, acting to generate ceramide and regulate cell functions and inflammatory responses.The roles of ASM in mediating T cell functions are postula...
Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
A tricyclic dibenzazepine compound that potentiates neurotransmission. Desipramine selectively blocks reuptake of norepinephrine from the neural synapse, and also appears to impair serotonin transport. This compound also possesses minor anticholinergic activity, through its affinity to muscarinic receptors.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of depression.
A psychotropic IMIPRAMINE derivative that acts as a tricyclic antidepressant and possesses few anticholinergic properties. It is metabolized to DESIPRAMINE.
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...
Depression is a serious mental health condition, where sad feelings carry on for weeks or months and interfere with your life. The symptoms include feeling unhappy most of the time (but may feel a little better in the evenings), loosing interest in lif...
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...