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The theme of this Morehouse-Emory Partnership Program focuses on elucidating the etiologic basis of ethnic differences in obesity-related CVD and discovering new intervention strategies to ameliorate CV health in all communities. The proposed Program uses a multi-disciplinary strategy to systematically characterize ethnic differences in obesity-related CVD by drawing upon the fields of physiology, psychology, biochemistry, vascular biology, public health, nursing and clinical medicine.
Emerging evidence indicates that there are ethnicity-specific differences in the profile of biochemical, metabolic and physiological perturbations associated with obesity. The implications of these ethnic differences remain to be further defined. Several epidemiologic studies have shown that vascular disease and its cardiovascular complications, carry significantly higher morbidity and mortality in African Americans compared with Caucasians.1-3 These observations may be partly explained by a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as essential hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and tobacco use among African Americans.4-6 However, the pathophysiological processes underlying this racial predisposition have not been fully elucidated.7 It is likely that the etiologic basis of ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease is multi-factorial and involves dynamic gene-environment interactions in which variances in behavior and the social context are critical determinants.
The proposed Program recognizes the importance of incorporating both biological factors and social determinants in the analysis of cardiovascular disparities
Allocation: Random Sample, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:44:12-0400
This registry started January 1,2018 to collect patients who diagnosed as De Winter Symdrome for the first time in Hainan General Hospital.All enrolled patients will receive 30 days follow...
The research is devoted to studying the features of the metabolic syndrome in cancer survivors in childhood is supposed to answer the following questions: - How can metabolic syndrome ...
Mechanisms that link metabolic syndrome to atherosclerosis are incompletely understood. As a part of Hämeenlinna Metabolic Syndrome Research Program (HMS), 40 men with metabolic syndrome...
Metabolic syndrome, labeled as the world's latest epidemic, is the force behind the global epidemic of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Cardio Vascular Diseases. This emerging epidemic is an i...
The purpose of the study is to determine whether antipsychotic treatment is influence psychiatric patients due to endocrine and metabolic status and quality of life.
Metabolic engineering has been an important approach for microbial bio-production. To produce bio-chemicals with engineered microorganisms, metabolic pathways have been edited using several common str...
Metabolism is a fundamental biological process composed of a series of reactions catalyzed by metabolic enzymes. Emerging evidence demonstrates that the aberrant signaling in cancer cells induces nonm...
In HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), lipodystrophy shares many similarities with metabolic syndrome, but only metabolic syndrome has objective classification criteria...
Metabolic syndrome is characterized by obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. Metabolic syndrome is associated with osteoarthritis (OA), but it is unclear if the a...
Cardiac hypertrophy is characterised by a shift in metabolic substrate utilisation, but the molecular events underlying the metabolic remodelling remain poorly understood. We explored metabolic remode...
Acquired or inborn metabolic diseases that produce brain dysfunction or damage. These include primary (i.e., disorders intrinsic to the brain) and secondary (i.e., extracranial) metabolic conditions that adversely affect cerebral function.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Measurement of cells' substrate utilization and biosynthetic output for modeling of METABOLIC NETWORKS.
Reduction of pharmacologic activity or toxicity of a drug or other foreign substance by a living system, usually by enzymatic action. It includes those metabolic transformations that make the substance more soluble for faster renal excretion.
Volume of biological fluid completely cleared of drug metabolites as measured in unit time. Elimination occurs as a result of metabolic processes in the kidney, liver, saliva, sweat, intestine, heart, brain, or other site.
Mergers & Acquisitions
Commercial and market reports on mergers and acquisitions in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and life-science industries. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A;) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and manageme...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...