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Non-Pharmacological Interventions on Sleep in Post-Acute Rehabilitation

2014-07-23 21:43:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This project is a randomized controlled trial to test whether a multicomponent, nonpharmacological intervention improves sleep/wake patterns and functional recovery among older people undergoing post-acute rehabilitation.

Description

The purpose of this study is to perform a randomized controlled trial to test whether a multicomponent, nonpharmacological intervention improves sleep/wake patterns and functional recovery among older people (N = 214) undergoing post-acute rehabilitation. The intervention will combine: 1) structured sleep assessment, 2) patient education in key elements of cognitive behavioral strategies to improve sleep, and 3) environmental interventions on factors which likely contribute to abnormal sleep/wake patterns in the post-acute rehabilitation setting.

This project will be conducted in a VA post-acute rehabilitation site. Older veterans (>= 60 years) who were previously community-dwelling (N = 214) will be randomized to receive the intervention, or a social contact and memory skills training program as the control condition. Data collected at baseline will include medical data and demographics, as well as subjective and objective measures of sleep, structured assessments of functional status, and medical comorbidity. Follow-up assessments will be performed in the facility while the intervention/control condition is in place, and at three months and six months after discharge from rehabilitation. The main outcome measures will include objective sleep measures (nighttime percent sleep and daytime percent sleep) and functional status collected at three and six months follow-up. Data will be analyzed for all randomized participants in an intention to treat analysis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Sleep Disorders

Intervention

multicomponent, nonpharmacological intervention, active comparator

Location

VA Greater Los Angeles HCS, Sepulveda
Sepulveda
California
United States
91343

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Department of Veterans Affairs

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:43:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

Movements or behaviors associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals from sleep that may impair sleep maintenance. Parasomnias are generally divided into four groups: arousal disorders, sleep-wake transition disorders, parasomnias of REM sleep, and nonspecific parasomnias. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p191)

Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).

A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

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Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...


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