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Post-Discharge Follow-Up Phone Call by a Pharmacist and Impact on Patient Care

2014-07-23 21:43:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose is to analyze whether a follow-up telephone call by a pharmacist after patient discharge from the hospital can improve patient outcomes.

Patients will be interviewed via telephone within 72 hours of being discharged home from the hospital. Patients will be questioned on three main topics. They are:

1. Medical care

2. Medications

3. Follow-up appointments

The purpose is to find out if people understand discharge medications, have obtained those medications, are having any problems with their medications and have scheduled necessary follow-up appointments. It will be determined if a telephone call by a pharmacist will prevent patients from needing to go to the Emergency Room or being admitted back to the hospital.

Description

There is a time between hospital discharge and patient follow-up that has been deemed by many healthcare workers as a "black hole " (1). It is a time during which continuity of care is of utmost importance, yet there is no effective uniform system in place to ensure this vital continuity. During the post-discharge period (time from when the patient leaves the hospital to the time of first follow-up appointment), new medical problems can arise and old ones can be exacerbated. Additionally, patients can encounter innumerable barriers to healthcare, including difficulty obtaining medications and securing appointments with physicians or specialists. Also, patients may not have received proper counseling on new discharge medications, including proper use and potential side effects. Despite this important aspect of patient care, only a paucity of literature on the topic exists. Of the literature that does exist, it suggests that patient education concerning discharge planning and the post-discharge period is an aspect of care that is in great need of improvement and an excellent opportunity for intervention by a pharmacist.

This led to our research hypothesis, can a follow-up phone call from a pharmacist improve patient outcomes?

The primary endpoint of this study is a reduction in the number of hospital readmissions (any cause) during the 30-day post-discharge period. Thirty-day readmission rates will be compared to see if there is a difference between the intervention group (follow-up phone call) and control group (no phone call). The secondary outcomes include the number of patients in the study group for whom medication errors, complications or misuse could be identified.

References: (1). Kathuria, et al. Post-discharge follow-up: hospitalists dial into the "black hole". Hospitalist and Inpatient Management Report, June 2003

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Inpatients

Intervention

telephone call by a pharmacist

Location

Boston Medical Center
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02118

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Boston Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:43:36-0400

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A facility set up for the purpose of handling large volumes of telephone calls. Call Centers typically utilize some form of computer automation for receiving, dispatching, screening, logging and forwarding telephone calls.

Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.

Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.

Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.

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