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The purpose of the study is to determine whether a daily dose of 200 mg progesterone administered vaginally from 20-23 to 34 weeks' gestation will reduce the rate of preterm delivery amongst twin pregnancies.
Multiple gestations account for 2% of all pregnancies, but cause more than 10% of the cases of preterm delivery. Due to increasing maternal age and use of assisted reproduction the number of multiple gestations is larger than ever. If markers of preterm delivery can be identified and means of preventing preterm delivery are found, it will be possible to reduce the number of children admitted to hospital because of prematurity.
Recently, two larger randomised studies investigated the effect of progesterone in singleton pregnancies of women who had previously delivered preterm. They both found a significant reduction in the preterm delivery rate in the progesterone group compared to a placebo group.
The study will be performed as a randomized, double-blind placebo controlled study of twin pregnancies in Denmark and Austria. The women will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to two groups (progesterone versus placebo). Randomisation will be stratified per centre and according to chorionicity, as the risk of preterm delivery is doubled in monochorionic twins compared to dichorionic twins.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Graz University Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:44:27-0400
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Specific proteins found in or on cells of progesterone target tissues that specifically combine with progesterone. The cytosol progesterone-receptor complex then associates with the nucleic acids to initiate protein synthesis. There are two kinds of progesterone receptors, A and B. Both are induced by estrogen and have short half-lives.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
A glycoprotein migrating as alpha 1-globulin, molecular weight 70,000 to 120,000. The protein, which is present in increased amounts in the plasma during pregnancy, binds mainly progesterone, with other steroids including testosterone competing weakly.
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