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Genetic Variation – The Need for Opioids During Surgery

2014-08-27 03:44:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to find out if the tetanic noxious stimuli and the measured skin conductance response can be used as a test in patients before surgery to have an indication about what amount of analgesics the patient will need during surgery.

Description

Skin Conductance (SC) shows the emotional state as reflected in changes in the sympathetic nervous system. During sleep or other states of low basic sympathetic activity, activation of the sympathetic nervous system results in filling of the palmar and plantar sweat glands, and the SC increases transiently before the sweat is removed and the SC decreases again. When a short lasting outgoing sympathetic nervous burst occurs, fluctuations of SC will follow. An increase in the number of SC fluctuations (NSCF) can therefore be interpreted as increased activity in this part of the sympathetic nervous system. When remifentanil, an opioid analgetic is given, NSCF is reduced.

Genetic variation influences the pharmacokinetics and the pharmacodynamics of analgesics like morphine derivates and remifentanil. 50 female patients will therefore be blood tested to study if they are Val/Val or Met/Met for the COMT gene, or if they are homozygous or heterozygous for the 118G allele and the 118A allele.

This study will show if skin conductance can be used to measure noxious stimulation response before surgery (by giving a tetanic stimuli), and then predict what level of analgesic a patient will need during surgery.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pain

Intervention

Measuring of skin conductance, Tetanic stimuli

Location

Ulleval University Hospital
Oslo
Norway
0407

Status

Completed

Source

Rikshospitalet University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:44:32-0400

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A syndrome characterized by severe burning pain in an extremity accompanied by sudomotor, vasomotor, and trophic changes in bone without an associated specific nerve injury. This condition is most often precipitated by trauma to soft tissue or nerve complexes. The skin over the affected region is usually erythematous and demonstrates hypersensitivity to tactile stimuli and erythema. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1360; Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)

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