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Acupuncture in Osteoarthritis of the Knee

2014-08-27 03:44:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study was to evalute three different acupuncture techniques, including one sham control, in its effect on osteoarthitis of the knee

Description

Background: Acupuncture is one of the most frequently used complementary therapeutic approaches in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Due to methodological shortcomings of previous randomized controlled studies, controversy persists whether the observed effects are specific to acupuncture or non-specific consequences of needling.

Objective: To compare classical Chinese acupuncture, semi-standardized modern acupuncture and non-specific needling by means of a double-blinded repeated measures cross-over design.

Intervention: Within three weeks all patients receive three treatment modalities in a random order in a double-blind study design.

Main outcome measures: Improvement in knee flexibility according to the neutral-zero method, defining a success as improvement by 10 degrees or more.

Secondary parameter: improvement in pain according to the reduced WOMAC score by 50 percent or more.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Intervention

Acupuncture

Status

Completed

Source

University of Heidelberg

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:44:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)

A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.

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