Advertisement

Topics

Cardiovascular Outcomes Of Diet Counseling

2014-08-27 03:44:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

(1) What effect does behavioral counseling for vegan, for low to moderate fat, and for lowered carbohydrate diets have on coronary blood flow? (2) What are the effects of different diet protocols when caloric intake and exercise are equalized? (3) Do people, so counseled, maintain their modified behaviors after they have completed their diet program? (4) How does targeting different diets affect secondary indices associated with heart disease such as weight, lipid, inflammatory, and thrombotic factors?

Description

Given the current epidemic of overweight and obesity on a global scale (“globesity”) and the consequent world public health objective of reducing that obesity, it is evident as a practical matter that, the main line of attack must be through diet. The public health objective and the lack of information regarding the long-term public health effects of alternative weight-loss diets motivated this comparative study of the three major types of weight-loss diets and their long term effects on coronary blood flow. Secondary endpoints are inflammatory and other variables associated with heart disease and obesity.

Specifically we asked: (1) What effect does behavioral counseling for vegan, for low to moderate fat, and for lowered carbohydrate diets have on coronary blood flow? (2) What are the effects of different diet protocols when caloric intake and exercise are equalized? (3) Do people, so counseled, maintain their modified behaviors after they have completed their diet program? (4) How does targeting different diets affect secondary indices associated with heart disease such as weight, lipid, inflammatory, and thrombotic factors?

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Intervention

Medium-intensity Minimally-directive Counseling

Location

Keith Block
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60201

Status

Completed

Source

The Camelot Foundation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:44:48-0400

Clinical Trials [3752 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Study of Endoscopic Versus Open Harvest of the Radial Artery in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive endoscopic harvest of the radial artery to the conventional open method of radial artery harvest ...

Risk Factors of Individuals With Coronary Artery Disease

It would be useful to study coronary arteriovenous difference of various markers in patients who are undergoing coronary angiography for suspected coronary artery disease. Environmental an...

Comparison of One-stop Hybrid Revascularization Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for the Treatment of Multi-vessel Disease

The "one-stop" hybrid coronary revascularization combines minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) and PCI to be performed in the hybrid operating suite, an enhanced opera...

Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial

The primary purpose of the Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial (TRTT) is to assess the efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) as a treatment for severe debilitating tinnitus. TRT is a...

Tissue-Type Plasminogen Activator (t-PA) Release Predicts Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) in Patients With Non-Critical Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in USA. Contemporary cardiac care has substantially reduced mortality and morbidity in patients with severe coronary artery disease. H...

PubMed Articles [22368 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Sex differences in impact of coronary artery calcification to predict coronary artery disease.

To assess sex-specific differences regarding use of conventional risks and coronary artery calcification (CAC) to detect coronary artery disease (CAD) using coronary CT angiography (CCTA).

Optical coherence tomography-verified morphological correlates of high-intensity coronary plaques on non-contrast T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

Coronary high-intensity plaques (HIPs) with a high plaque-to-myocardial signal intensity ratio (PMR) on non-contrast T1-weighted imaging in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) are assoc...

Transradial versus transfemoral approach for diagnostic coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention in people with coronary artery disease.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of mortality worldwide. Coronary artery disease (CAD) contributes to half of mortalities caused by CVD. The mainstay of management of CAD is medical the...

Long-term patient and kidney survival after coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, or medical therapy for patients with chronic kidney disease: a propensity-matched cohort study.

Revascularization in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is often deferred because of concern over progression of renal failure.

Impact of flow-mediated dilatation and coronary calcification in providing complementary information on the severity of coronary artery disease.

Endothelial dysfunction and coronary artery calcification (CAC) may represent two distinct and separate processes in the development of coronary atherosclerosis. However, the interaction between these...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.

A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.

More From BioPortfolio on "Cardiovascular Outcomes Of Diet Counseling"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Cardiology
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...

Obesity
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Trial