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Withdrawal of Immunosuppression in Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients

2014-08-27 03:44:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Antirejection medicines, also known as immunosuppressive drugs, are prescribed to organ transplant recipients to prevent their bodies from rejecting the new organ. Long-term use of these drugs places transplant recipients at higher risk of serious infections and certain types of cancer. The purpose of this study is to determine whether immunosuppressive drugs can be safely withdrawn over a minimum of 9 months from children who received liver transplants at least 4 years ago.

Description

In order to prevent the rejection of transplanted organs, transplant recipients are prescribed a strict, lifelong regimen of immunosuppressive drugs. While these drugs help prevent the body from rejecting the transplant, they carry numerous complications, including increased risk of serious infections and certain types of cancer. However, there is mounting evidence that a significant percentage of liver transplant recipients can maintain a healthy, functioning transplant without ongoing immunosuppression. This study will determine whether gradual withdrawal and eventual discontinuation of all immunosuppressive medication can be safely accomplished in children who received a liver transplant from a parent. Twenty eligible patients who were under 18 years old at the time of transplant, whose donor was a parent, and who received the transplant at least four years ago will be enrolled in the study.

Liver recipients will have an initial screening assessment consisting of a medical history, liver biopsy, and urine and blood collection. Eligible recipients will be placed on a modified medication schedule to gradually decrease their immunosuppression medication slowly over a 9- to 12-month period, during which time they will be closely monitored by study staff. Immunosuppressive drugs will not be provided by this study. For a minimum of 3 and up to a maximum of 7 years, monthly telephone consultations and quarterly study visits will occur. Visits will include physical exams and blood collection to monitor the children's health during the withdrawal phase. The exact schedule of immunosuppressant withdrawal will be determined by study physicians based on participant's health and immune function test results. Donor and nondonor parents will be asked to each provide one blood sample during the initial study visits for immunologic and genetic testing.

*** IMPORTANT NOTICE: *** The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the Immune Tolerance Network do not recommend the discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy for recipients of cell, organ, or tissue transplants outside of physician-directed, controlled clinical studies. Discontinuation of prescribed immunosuppressive therapy can result in serious health consequences and should only be performed in certain rare circumstances, upon the recommendation and with the guidance of your health care provider.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Liver Transplantation

Intervention

Gradual withdrawal of immunosuppressive medication

Location

University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco
California
United States
94143

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:44:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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