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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary disorder of the heart characterized by a thickened, fibrotic myocardium, with or without a dynamic left ventricular outflow tract gradient. It is a common heritable cardiovascular disease, with a population prevalence of 0.1% to 0.2%. Symptoms of congestive heart failure are extremely common in patients with HCM. Progression to disabling and debilitating symptoms [New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III and IV] is relatively common, occurring in 15% to 20% of unselected populations. The rate of progression to NYHA class III or IV or death from heart failure or stroke is high, with a relative risk 2.7. Management of symptoms can be very challenging, involve multiple medications, and 5% of patients may develop drug refractory heart failure, requiring invasive intervention. HCM is the most common cause of sudden death among young competitive athletes. Ventricular tachyarrhythmias appear to be the primary mechanism; however, other arrhythmias involved include asystole, rapid atrial fibrillation, and electrical mechanical dissociation. Patients may develop progressive myocardial wall thinning, a reduction in systolic performance, and an increase in left ventricular dimensions. Progressive wall thinning may be especially common in patients with initially severe hypertrophy. There is no cure for this condition. There is now evidence from both animal and human studies of a treatment that promises to reverse hypertrophy - HMG CoA reductase inhibitors. Clearly, studies of treatments that might cause regression of hypertrophy are timely and important.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of Calgary, Faculty of Medicine
University of Calgary
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:03-0400
The investigators are trying to find out how common sleep apnea is in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The purpose of this study is to see if sleep apnea is common in hypertrophic cardiomyopat...
Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are being compared to a control group. IMR will be assessed with a pressure wire. Clinical f/u at 3 months and 6 months and a 48 hour holter monit...
Study evaluate the relationships between daily physical activity levels (PAL) and functional capacity (VO2peak) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
This study evaluates mechanisms of arrhythmogenicity in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, in comparison to patients with well-understood arrhythmogenic substrate (ischemic cardiomyopathy), as w...
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is one of the most common inherited cardiac diseases, with a prevalence of ∼0.2%. The disease affects all age groups, with marked clinical heterogeneity...
Sarcomere cardiomyopathies are genetic diseases that perturb contractile function and lead to hypertrophic or dilated myocardial remodeling. Identification of preclinical mutation carriers has yielded...
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in about 20%-25% of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and is associated with increased risk of cardioembolism and heart failure impacting on patients' morbidity...
Apical aneurysms are outpouchings of the left ventricular apex that are relatively common in patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with midventricular obstruc...
Myocardial fibrosis has proved to be an important marker and determinant in the pathogenesis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy . In particular, scar formation, if substantial, can promote ventricular tac...
Sex differences in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remain unclear. We sought to characterize sex differences in a large HCM referral centre population.
An autosomal dominant inherited form of HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY. It results from any of more than 50 mutations involving genes encoding contractile proteins such as VENTRICULAR MYOSINS; cardiac TROPONIN T; ALPHA-TROPOMYOSIN.
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)
Isoforms of MYOSIN TYPE II, specifically found in the ventricular muscle of the HEART. Defects in the genes encoding ventricular myosins result in FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...