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RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as cellular adoptive immunotherapy use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Fludarabine may help the immune system kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of fludarabine followed by cellular adoptive immunotherapy in treating patients who have metastatic melanoma.
- Determine the safety and toxicity of adoptive immunotherapy comprising autologous CD8+ antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clones after fludarabine in patients with stage IV melanoma.
- Determine the duration of in vivo persistence of these CTL clones in these patients.
- Determine the antitumor effect of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is an open-label, nonrandomized study.
Patients undergo leukapheresis or weekly phlebotomy for the collection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from which autologous antigen-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clones are generated. Patients receive autologous antigen-specific CD8+ CTL clones IV over 30-60 minutes on days 0 and 21 in the absence of rapid disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive fludarabine IV once daily on days 14-18.
Patients are followed for up to 1 year.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 12 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
therapeutic autologous lymphocytes, fludarabine phosphate
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:03-0400
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Chemotherapy Consisting of Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide Followed By White Blood Cell Infusion, Vaccine Therapy, and Aldesleukin in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Metastatic Melanoma
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An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
Lymphocytes that show specificity for autologous tumor cells. Ex vivo isolation and culturing of TIL with interleukin-2, followed by reinfusion into the patient, is one form of adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
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