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In the everyday practice cardiovascular prevention in people at high risk is still unsatisfactory and treatments with documented efficacy are generally under-used.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids of marine origin (n-3 PUFA) are the latest more promising strategy to improve prognosis in these patients.
The Risk and Prevention study combines an epidemiological and an experimental approach in order to:
1. Verify the possibility to optimise cardiovascular prevention in subjects at high risk by planning the intervention with patients and setting individual goals (outcome study)
2. Evaluate the efficacy of a long term n-3 PUFA treatment in reducing the incidence of cardiovascular events, through a controlled, randomised, double blind clinical trial.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA)
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
Active, not recruiting
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:03-0400
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(N-3 PUFAs) is important in balancing the immune function and physical health by reducing membrane arachidonic acid (AA) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesi...
Study population: Patients admitted or seen in OPD (Out Patient Department), Department of Hepatology. Study design- Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. Study period-January 2016 to ...
In order to reduce cardiovascular risk, current European guidelines recommend a diet low on saturated fatty acid through replacement with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Polyunsaturate...
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA), which are abundant in oily fish and fish oils, have been suggested to play a role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) by modi...
The role of fishery diet and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is heavily debated but evidence from large populations in China is scant. We aim...
Treatment with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids does not improve endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes and very high cardiovascular risk: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (Omega-FMD).
Numerous recent studies conducted in different clinical settings have focused on the benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. There is ...
It has been demonstrated that ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) may exert a beneficial role as adjuvants in the prevention and treatment of many disorders, including cardiovascular diseases...
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are becoming a major cause of chronic liver diseases globally. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been postulated ...
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia in the general population with a prevalence that reaches one third of patients with arterial hypertension. Several risk factors frequentl...
Substitution of dietary ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids for saturated fatty acids decreases LDL apolipoprotein B-100 production rate in men with dyslipidemia associated with insulin resistance: a randomized controlled trial.
The substitution of omega (ω)-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for saturated fatty acids (SFAs) is advocated in cardiovascular disease prevention. The impact of this substitution on lipopr...
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS that contain at least one double bond in the trans configuration, which results in a greater bond angle than the cis configuration. This results in a more extended fatty acid chain similar to SATURATED FATTY ACIDS, with closer packing and reduced fluidity. HYDROGENATION of unsaturated fatty acids increases the trans content.
Physiologically active compounds found in many organs of the body. They are formed in vivo from the prostaglandin endoperoxides and cause platelet aggregation, contraction of arteries, and other biological effects. Thromboxanes are important mediators of the actions of polyunsaturated fatty acids transformed by cyclooxygenase.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...