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Homocysteine recently gained access to the category of risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in the general population. Chronic renal failure patients, even before being introduced to dialysis therapy have almost universal elevation of serum homocysteine; when on dialysis their mortality is above 50% related to cardiovascular disease that we might now speculate, with a contribution of potentially toxic levels of the aminoacid homocysteine.
We conducted a double blind , randomized, placebo controlled trial, for two years, enroling, simultaneously, 186 end-stage kidney disease patients of any cause, older than 18 years of age, stable on hemodialysis, assigned to receive either oral folic acid 10 mg three times a week on post dialysis sessions, under nurse supervision or an identical appearing placebo for the entire lenght of the study, from april 2003 to march 2005.
The two groups had similar baseline clinical and laboratory characteristics. There was no loss of follow-up. At admission, homocysteine serum levels were above 13,9 umol/L in 96.7% (median 25.0, range 9.3-104.0)with only five cases in the normal levels; homocysteine remained elevated at 6, 12 and 24 months on those receiving placebo; folate treatment significantly decreased total homocysteine levels to a median value of 10.5 umol/L (2.8 - 20.3)which remained at this level for the entire study time (P<0.001); every one was alive and tested at six months, sixty eight were either transplanted(15)or died (53) from cardiovascular disease(seventeen in the folic acid group and twenty one in the placebo (P>0.05)or other causes(15), after being included in the study. Intima-media wall thickness blinded measured at the common carotid artery decreased from 1.94+-0,59 mm to 1.67+-0.38 (P<0.001) with folate therapy and became thicker, from 1.86+-0.41 to 2.11+-0.48 mm in the placebo group.
In conclusion, folate treatment for two years was not effective on modifying cardiovascular death and non fatal cardiovascular events of this sample population with chronic uremia; however, the ultrasonographic evaluation of the common carotid arteries intima-media wall thickness at entry and twenty four months later unequivocally showed a significant thickness decrease with supervised folate intake.
Earlier prescription of folic acid might benefit patients with chronic renal failure,preventing cardiovascular deterioration
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention
University Hospital, State University of Londrina
Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:08-0400
This NHANES analysis compares self-reported dietary folate with serum and red blood cell folate status in U.S. adults.
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A subtype of GPI-anchored folate receptors that is expressed in PLACENTA and hematopoietic cells.
A subtype of GPI-anchored folate receptors that is expressed in tissues of epithelial origin. This protein is also identified as an ovarian-tumor-specific antigen.
A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.
A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.
An inhibitor of folate metabolism. It is used as a coccidiostat in poultry.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...