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A novel dendritic cell vaccine has been developed at the Baylor Institute for Immunology Research. Pre-clinical studies have found that this dendritic cell vaccine is more efficient in inducing a tumor specific immunity than other dendritic cell vaccines. Further studies in BIIR have been done with dendritic cells that were loaded with killed melanoma cells from a melanoma cell line treated with heat before loading. Both studies have shown that DCs manufactured in this novel way were more efficient in priming the melanoma specific CD8+ cells. Our previous studies indicate that a portion of patients with stage IV melanoma cannot mount an immune response to tumor antigens presented on dendritic cells. Also, regulatory/suppressor T cells can be identified in the blood of these patients, which may account for the lack of induction of T cell immunity to dendritic cell vaccines. Cyclophosphamide treatments have improved antitumor immunity in humans with melanoma and a clear relationship between cyclophosphamide dosage and suppressor cell activity has been documented. Therefore, this trial will test a combined modality treatment, using dendritic cell based vaccines in patients who have been treated with cyclophosphamide.
This clinical trial will evaluate the cyclophosphamide/dendritic cell vaccine in patients with Stage IV melanoma. The trial will accrue a total of 33 subjects. The primary goal of this trial will be to test the safety/tolerability/feasibility of the combined modality and the rate of objective clinical response. A 15% objective response rate will be accepted in patients who have failed previous therapy with dacarbazine (DTIC) and/or temozolomide, alone or in combination with other cytotoxic agents and with or without IL-2.
Patients will receive cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2, administered 24 hours prior to DC vaccinations # 1, 3, 5, 6 and 7. Each subject will initially be given 7 initial injections in a fixed dose amount with each individual dose being administered at weeks 0, 2, 4, 6, 10, 14 and 18. Patients with progressive disease will be taken off of the study. Patients with SD, PR or CD (according to RECIST criteria) may receive 4 more vaccinations. Scans and re-staging tests will be performed at scheduled intervals throughout the study.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Stage IV Metastatic Melanoma
Dendritic cell vaccination
Baylor University Medical Center
Baylor Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:16-0400
The purpose of this study is to test a novel dendritic cell (DC) vaccine in patients with Stage IV melanoma.
Objectives: This is an exploratory study, consisting of two parts. In part I a dose escalation is performed and the primary objective is the safety of different doses of TLR-dendritic cel...
The aim of the study is to show if vaccination with autologous dendritic cells pulsed with peptides or tumor lysate in combination with adjuvant cytokines and Cyclophosphamide can induce a...
This phase II, randomized, open-label trial aims to assess whether the vaccination increase RFS in disease free melanoma patients after surgery. Patients will be randomized between Intrade...
Transfection with siRNA targeting the immunoproteasome alters proteasome-mediated antigen processing by the dendritic cell, generating TAA-derived peptides that we hypothesize, based on pr...
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy, which could metastasize at an early stage of the disease and associated with poor prognoses. Liver, small bowel, stomach, and colon ar...
In the current era of checkpoint inhibitors, some patients with metastatic melanoma have shown a significant improvement in survival. However, optimization of immunotherapy is an ongoing effort. Monoc...
Nestin, a member of the intermediate filament protein family, has been described as a putative cancer stem cell marker (CSC) in uveal melanoma and poor prognostic factor in a variety of tumours, inclu...
The imbalance of cellular homeostasis during oncogenesis together with the high heterogeneity of tumor-associated stromal cells have a marked effect on the repertoire of the proteins secreted by malig...
Within tumors, macrophage infiltration can promote cancer cell invasiveness and, consequently, metastatic dissemination. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Roh-Johnson et al. (2017) reveal that cyt...
A melanosome-specific protein that plays a role in the expression, stability, trafficking, and processing of GP100 MELANOMA ANTIGEN, which is critical to the formation of Stage II MELANOSOMES. The protein is used as an antigen marker for MELANOMA cells.
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.
Non-hematopoietic cells, with extensive dendritic processes, found in the primary and secondary follicles of lymphoid tissue (the B cell zones). They are different from conventional DENDRITIC CELLS associated with T-CELLS. They are derived from MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS and are negative for class II MHC antigen and do not process or present antigen like the conventional dendritic cells do. Instead, follicular dendritic cells have FC RECEPTORS and C3B RECEPTORS that hold antigen in the form of ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES on their surfaces for long periods for recognition by B-CELLS.
Group activities directed against VACCINATION.
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