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Computer-Assisted Counseling in Helping African American Smokers Stop Smoking

2014-08-27 03:45:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Stop-smoking plans using a nicotine patch, in-person counseling, and computer-assisted counseling may help people stop smoking.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well computer-assisted counseling helps African American smokers stop smoking.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Develop and evaluate the efficacy of an interactive, culturally sensitive, individualized, palmtop computer-delivered smoking cessation intervention for African American smokers.

- Examine how hypothesized treatment mechanisms mediate the effects of computer-delivered treatment on abstinence.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. A subset of 20 participants are assigned to arm II for pilot testing. All other participants are randomized to 1 of 2 intervention arms.

- Arm I (standard care [SC]): Participants receive nicotine patch therapy on days -5 to 31. Participants also receive a Pathways to Freedom self-help guide and undergo 5 in-person counseling sessions based on the Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence Clinical Practice Guideline. The counseling sessions occur at 12 and 5 days prior to the quit smoking date and at 3, 10, and 31 days after the quit smoking date.

- Arm II (computer-delivered treatment [CDT]): Participants receive the same intervention as in arm I. Participants also undergo CDT for 6 weeks comprising 5 modules (quitting strategies; motivation and support; general smoking information; calendars and fun stuff; and daily tips) beginning 12 days prior to the quit smoking date and continuing for 31 days after the quit smoking date.

All participants complete questionnaires at baseline, during the counseling sessions, and then at approximately 6 months after the quit smoking date.

After completion of study intervention, participants are followed at approximately 6 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 500 participants will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Lung Cancer

Intervention

smoking cessation intervention, counseling intervention

Location

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
Houston
Texas
United States
77030-4009

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.

A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.

Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.

Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.

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