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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, paclitaxel, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells.
- Determine response to gemcitabine hydrochloride, paclitaxel, and cisplatin (GTP) among patients with regional or distant metastases of transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium or local/regional recurrence after cystoprostatectomy.
- Determine response in patients who receive GTP as the initial chemotherapeutic treatment as well as in patients who have received prior chemotherapy.
- Determine response duration, freedom from progression, and overall survival.
- Assess the toxicity of GTP.
OUTLINE: This is an open-label study. Patients are stratified according to prior chemotherapy (yes vs no).
Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1 and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients achieving a partial response or complete response undergo surgical restaging and debulking. Four to 6 weeks later, patients receive 2 additional courses of chemotherapy.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 71 patients will be accrued for this study.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, paclitaxel, conventional surgery
Carolinas Hematology-Oncology Associates
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:23-0400
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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, gemcitabine, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping ...
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An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
An injectable formulation of albumin-bound paclitaxel NANOPARTICLES.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
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