Advertisement

Topics

Trial of Magnesium Sulfate Tocolysis Versus Nifedipine Tocolysis in Women With Preterm Labor

2014-07-23 21:45:44 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Primary Hypothesis:

Acute tocolysis (48 hours) using oral nifedipine is more effective than intravenous magnesium sulfate in prolonging pregnancy in women with preterm labor with intact membranes between 24 and 32 6/7 weeks' gestation.

Description

Primary Objective:

To compare the efficacy of oral nifedipine versus IV magnesium sulfate on the rate of preterm delivery at <37 weeks in women with preterm labor between 24 and 32 6/7 weeks gestation.

Secondary Objective:

1. To compare maternal side effects between the two tocolytic agents

2. To compare neonatal morbidities between the two study groups.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Premature Birth

Intervention

Magnesium sulfate, Oral Nifedipine or placebo

Location

University Hospital
Cincinnati
Ohio
United States
45219

Status

Terminated

Source

University of Cincinnati

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:45:44-0400

Clinical Trials [2057 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Magnesium Sulfate Versus Nifedipine for the Acute Tocolysis of Preterm Labor: A Prospective, Randomized Trial

To compare intravenous magnesium sulfate to oral nifedipine for acute tocolysis of preterm labor

Magnesium Sulfate to Prevent Brain Injury in Premature Infants

Premature infants are at risk for acute brain injuries and long-term developmental problems such as cerebral palsy (CP). Research suggests that high levels of magnesium at and around the ...

Magnesium Sulfate Versus Placebo for Tocolysis in PPROM

Study compares the outcomes of women between 26 and 32 wks gestation with rupture of membranes. Women randomized to receive tocolysis with magnesium sulfate x 48 hrs or placebo of saline ...

Fetal Middle Cerebral Artery Doppler in Preterm Births Receiving Magnesium Sulfate for Neuroprotection

Two groups of women with preterm labor will be included. One will receive magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection and the other will receive placebo. Fetal middle cerebral artery Doppler ind...

Indomethacin Versus Nifedipine for Preterm Labor Tocolysis

Indomethacin and Nifedipine are commonly used medications for treatment of pre term labor. This study will compare the efficacy and adverse outcomes of oral nifedipine versus oral indometh...

PubMed Articles [7980 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Genetic Variation, Magnesium Sulfate Exposure, and Adverse Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Following Preterm Birth.

 To evaluate the association of magnesium sulfate (MgSO) exposure and candidate gene polymorphisms with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes following preterm birth.

Association of histological chorioamnionitis and magnesium sulfate treatment in singleton and dichorionic twin pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes: preliminary observations.

To evaluate the possible association between antenatal magnesium sulfate treatment with histological chorioamnionitis in patients with singleton or dichorionic twins that had preterm premature rupture...

Loading Dose only versus Standard Dose Magnesium Sulfate Seizure Prophylaxis in Severe Pre-eclamptic Women.

Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for prevention of seizures in the pre-eclamptic woman. There is no agreement in the published randomized trials regarding the optimal time to initiate magnesium...

Magnesium sulfate reduces formalin-induced orofacial pain in rats with normal magnesium serum levels.

In humans, orofacial pain has a high prevalence and is often difficult to treat. Magnesium is an essential element in biological a system which controls the activity of many ion channels, neurotransmi...

The Effects of Magnesium and Zinc Co-Supplementation on Biomarkers of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress, and Gene Expression Related to Inflammation in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

Magnesium and zinc are known to exert multiple beneficial effects including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions. To our knowledge, data on the effects of magnesium and zinc co-supplementation on...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Drugs that prevent preterm labor and immature birth by suppressing uterine contractions (TOCOLYSIS). Agents used to delay premature uterine activity include magnesium sulfate, beta-mimetics, oxytocin antagonists, calcium channel inhibitors, and adrenergic beta-receptor agonists. The use of intravenous alcohol as a tocolytic is now obsolete.

Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.

More From BioPortfolio on "Trial of Magnesium Sulfate Tocolysis Versus Nifedipine Tocolysis in Women With Preterm Labor"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...


Searches Linking to this Trial