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Acute tocolysis (48 hours) using oral nifedipine is more effective than intravenous magnesium sulfate in prolonging pregnancy in women with preterm labor with intact membranes between 24 and 32 6/7 weeks' gestation.
To compare the efficacy of oral nifedipine versus IV magnesium sulfate on the rate of preterm delivery at <37 weeks in women with preterm labor between 24 and 32 6/7 weeks gestation.
1. To compare maternal side effects between the two tocolytic agents
2. To compare neonatal morbidities between the two study groups.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Magnesium sulfate, Oral Nifedipine or placebo
University of Cincinnati
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:45:44-0400
To compare intravenous magnesium sulfate to oral nifedipine for acute tocolysis of preterm labor
Premature infants are at risk for acute brain injuries and long-term developmental problems such as cerebral palsy (CP). Research suggests that high levels of magnesium at and around the ...
Antepartum hemorrhage is defined as bleeding from or within the female genital tract, occurring from 28+0 weeks of pregnancy and till delivery of the fetus. it occurs in 3-5% of pregnancie...
Study compares the outcomes of women between 26 and 32 wks gestation with rupture of membranes. Women randomized to receive tocolysis with magnesium sulfate x 48 hrs or placebo of saline ...
Two groups of women with preterm labor will be included. One will receive magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection and the other will receive placebo. Fetal middle cerebral artery Doppler ind...
To evaluate the association of magnesium sulfate (MgSO) exposure and candidate gene polymorphisms with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes following preterm birth.
Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for prevention of seizures in the pre-eclamptic woman. There is no agreement in the published randomized trials regarding the optimal time to initiate magnesium...
In humans, orofacial pain has a high prevalence and is often difficult to treat. Magnesium is an essential element in biological a system which controls the activity of many ion channels, neurotransmi...
Chorioamnionitis and infection-associated inflammation are major causes of preterm birth. Magnesium sulfate (MgSO ) is widely used in obstetrics as a tocolytic; however, its mechanism of action is unc...
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of magnesium sulfate on pain management for pain after sleeve gastrectomy operation.
Drugs that prevent preterm labor and immature birth by suppressing uterine contractions (TOCOLYSIS). Agents used to delay premature uterine activity include magnesium sulfate, beta-mimetics, oxytocin antagonists, calcium channel inhibitors, and adrenergic beta-receptor agonists. The use of intravenous alcohol as a tocolytic is now obsolete.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 220.127.116.11.
Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.
Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...