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Pharmacokinetic study in TB patients to determine the effect of rifampicin on the pharmacokinetic profile of moxifloxacin.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that still causes many victims in the developing world, especially in Indonesia. Rifampicin, isoniazid and ethambutol are the cornerstone of the current treatment. The disadvantage of the current treatment is the long, six-months, duration of the treatment. This long duration contributes to suboptimal adherence to the TB drugs.Thus, there is a very urgent need to evaluate drugs that may help shortening TB treatment. The fluoroquinolone moxifloxacin has shown early bactericidal activity (EBA) in patients with pulmonary TB, and has shown rapid and reliable sterilization. Rifampicin is a strong inducer of the CYP enzymes, but it also induces phase II metabolism. As moxifloxacin is metabolized by phase II metabolism, rifampicin could cause a decrease in the plasma concentrations of moxifloxacin. Therefore, a pharmacokinetic interaction study is warranted.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin (RSHS)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:31-0400
This double-blind, randomized controlled trial evaluates moxifloxacin versus isoniazid in daily treatment during the first two months of treatment with rifampin, pyrazinamide and ethambuto...
The purpose of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetics (how a drug is absorbed, distributed, and eliminated by the body) of moxifloxacin alone versus moxifloxacin given with rifape...
This study is a placebo-controlled factorial study, randomized to study drug (moxifloxacin vs. ethambutol) and treatment frequency (daily vs. thrice weekly after an initial two weeks of da...
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The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.
Tuberculosis of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges (TUBERCULOSIS, MENINGEAL), most often caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS and rarely by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The infection may be limited to the nervous system or coexist in other organs (e.g., TUBERCULOSIS, PULMONARY). The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. Tuberculous involvement of the vertebral column (TUBERCULOSIS, SPINAL) may result in nerve root or spinal cord compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-20)
Pathological conditions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM caused by infection of MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS. Tuberculosis involvement may include the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
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Tuberculosis of the mouth, tongue, and salivary glands.
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In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...