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Irinotecan With or Without Capecitabine as Second-Line Therapy in Treating Older Patients With Progressive, Metastatic Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

2014-07-24 14:25:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether irinotecan and capecitabine are more effective than irinotecan alone in treating colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying irinotecan and capecitabine to see how well they work as second-line therapy compared to irinotecan alone in treating older patients with progressive, metastatic colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Compare the objective response or stable disease rate in elderly patients with unresectable, progressive, metastatic colorectal cancer treated with irinotecan hydrochloride with vs without capecitabine.

Secondary

- Compare the tolerability of these regimens in these patients.

- Compare the quality of life and ability to maintain self-sufficiency of patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, WHO performance status (0 or 1 vs 2), number of associated comorbidities (Charlson index 0-2 vs > 2), and age (75-79 vs ≥ 80). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Arm II: Patients receive oral capecitabine on days 1-14 and irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then every 12 weeks thereafter.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 12 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 78 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

capecitabine, irinotecan hydrochloride

Location

Centre Hospitalier d'Abbeville
Abbeville
France
80101

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:25:25-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

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