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Alcoholism: Emotion and Thinking

2014-08-27 03:45:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether long-term chronic alcoholism is associated with changes in emotional functioning and brain structure and function.

Description

This research investigates brain structure and function in alcoholics compared to healthy nonalcoholic individuals. Alcoholics have shown impairments in cognitive processing of emotional signals. Some alcoholics are impaired in social skills, and many are unable to implement the strategies for interpersonal interactions that they recommend for themselves. For example, alcoholics have difficulty interpreting non-verbal emotional cues and recognizing facial expressions of emotion. When listening to sentences, alcoholics also have some difficulty judging emotional intonations and emotional content. In our research, we are trying to understand where in the brain these emotional behaviors take place, and whether or not the brain functions differently for alcoholic and nonalcoholic individuals. We present emotional words and pictures on a computer screen, and using MRI scans, we observe how the brain works when people purposefully respond to the words and pictures. Additionally, we are comparing brain structure and activation patterns in men and women, because there may be gender differences in responses to emotional stimuli.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Alcoholism

Intervention

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Interviews, cognitive tests, and emotional measurements

Location

VA Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02130

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:45-0400

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