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This study was designed to validate the "San Francisco Syncope Rule". This set of rules was derived by Quinn et. al. to help guide the treatment of patients evaluated in the Emergency Department who had an episode of syncope (passed out) or near syncope (almost passed out). A rule that considers patients with an abnormal ECG, a complaint of shortness of breath, hematocrit less than 30%, systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg, or a history of congestive heart failure was shown predict with a good degree of accuracy which patients would have an adverse event and require admission.
This study was designed to validate the "San Francisco Syncope Rule". This set of rules was derived by Quinn et. al. to help guide the treatment of patients evaluated in the Emergency Department who had an episode of syncope or near syncope.
A rule that considers patients with an abnormal ECG, a complaint of shortness of breath, hematocrit less than 30%, systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg, or a history of congestive heart failure was shown predict with a good degree of accuracy which patients would have an adverse event/serious outcome and require admission. Serious outcomes include the following: death,myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, pulmonary embolism, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, significant hemorrhage, or any condition causing a return ED visit and hospitalization for a related event.
In Quinn's derivation trial, the sensitivity of the rule was 96%.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Application of the San Francisco Syncope Rule
Montefiore Medical Center
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:45-0400
Syncope is a rapid onset, transient, loss of consciousness with a short duration. This symptom has been reported to be a specific presentation of patients with pulmonary embolism. However,...
Objective: To determine if atomoxetine 40 mg bid in patients ≥18 years old with recurrent vasovagal syncope will better prevent syncope during tilt testing than placebo.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate syncope recurrence at follow up in patients with a positive cardio inhibitory response to the head up tilt testing (HUT) evaluation. METHODS: 36 consecutive patien...
Syncope affects about 50% of Canadians, is the cause of 1-2% of emergency room visits, and probably is responsible for CDN $250 million in health care spending each year.There is no known ...
The purpose of this study is to conduct an observational investigation of a novel care path used to manage emergency department (ED) presenting syncope patients on an outpatient basis.
Syncope is an unusual clinical manifestation of pulmonary embolism (PE), and the clinical significance of syncope in PE patients remains controversial. We investigated the incidence of syncope, examin...
We described the clinical evolution of patients with structural heart disease presenting at the emergency room with syncope. Patients were stratified according to their syncope etiology and available ...
Syncope and pre-syncope are well-known symptoms of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). However, data about their impact on short-term mortality are scant. We assess the short-term mortality (30-day) for al...
Emergency department (ED) visits for syncope are common. Validation of ED administrative diagnostic coding for syncope is required before these codes can be used for health services research. We perfo...
Syncope is a common condition that affects individuals of all ages and is responsible for 1-3% of all emergency department (ED) visits. Prospective studies on syncope are often limited by the exiguous...
A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)
A condition of fainting spells caused by heart block, often an atrioventricular block, that leads to BRADYCARDIA and drop in CARDIAC OUTPUT. When the cardiac output becomes too low, the patient faints (SYNCOPE). In some cases, the syncope attacks are transient and in others cases repetitive and persistent.
Diseases of the ninth cranial (glossopharyngeal) nerve or its nuclei in the medulla. The nerve may be injured by diseases affecting the lower brain stem, floor of the posterior fossa, jugular foramen, or the nerve's extracranial course. Clinical manifestations include loss of sensation from the pharynx, decreased salivation, and syncope. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia refers to a condition that features recurrent unilateral sharp pain in the tongue, angle of the jaw, external auditory meatus and throat that may be associated with SYNCOPE. Episodes may be triggered by cough, sneeze, swallowing, or pressure on the tragus of the ear. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1390)
Loss of consciousness due to a reduction in blood pressure that is associated with an increase in vagal tone and peripheral vasodilation.
A standard and widely accepted diagnostic test used to identify patients who have a vasodepressive and/or cardioinhibitory response as a cause of syncope. (From Braunwald, Heart Disease, 7th ed)
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...