Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This study is to look at things that may affect whether or not people who are HIV-infected get into medical care and stay in medical care. some of the things that will be examined include how drug use, HIV disease severity, mental health, housing, trust, feelings of discrimination, social support, relationship with provider, and patient's race and provider's race are linked with whether or not people get health care. People who are enrolled in the study will be interviewed once, and their medical records will be examined.
The purpose of this study is to understand the determinants of entry and engagement in HIV primary care services for Blacks and Hispanics living in single room occupancy (SRO) hotels in Bronx and Manhattan, NY. More specifically, the goal is to examine baseline cultural characteristics of the patient, health-related characteristics of the patient, the patient-provider relationship, and the impact of community outreach on engagement in health care. The objectives are to: examine the association between trust, relationship with provider, social support, and health beliefs with engagement in HIV primary care services; examine the association between health-related characteristics and engagement in HIV primary care services; examine the association of perceived cultural concordance between provider and patient with engagement in HIV primary care services; and, explore the relationship between community outreach and entry into HIV primary care services.
We will be recruiting a convenience sample of 500 Black or Hispanic HIV-infected adults living in 14 SRO hotels (transitional emergency housing) in the Bronx and Manhattan, NY. We will be conducting interviews through auditory computer-assisted self-interviewing (A-CASI) technology, using standardized research instruments administered in English or Spanish. We will also be reviewing medical charts and records from Citiwide and Montefiore appointment databases.
Understanding barriers to engagement in HIV primary care will lead to development of culturally relevant interventions to assist Black and Hispanic persons in entering and engaging in HIV treatment. Implementation of these interventions will ultimately help reduce disparities in HIV-related healthcare, as well as reduce HIV morbidity and mortality in Black and Hispanic populations.
Additional Descriptors: Psychosocial, Observational Model: Defined Population, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective
Montefiore Medical Center
Montefiore Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:49-0400
The primary objective is to assess the safety of telithromycin (HMR 3647) (20% fine granules) 1g filling sachet in children with infections (Respiratory tract infections, Dermatological in...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of an approved medication for adults for an investigational use in pediatric patients 3 months to 17 years for the treatment of complic...
The Danish Study Group of Infections of the Brain is a collaboration between all departments of infectious diseases in Denmark. The investigators aim to monitor epidemiological trends in c...
Adults admitted to intensive care units are at risk for a variety of complications. One of the most frequent complications is the development of new infections. Infections due to a fungus...
The purpose of this multicentre prospective trial is to determine the incidence and risk factors for surgical wound infections. Also the investigators will evaluate consequences of wound i...
This purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of blood stream infections (BSIs) on the prognosis of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) and to make predictions base...
Identification of new HIV infections (HIV incidence) is critical for monitoring AIDS epidemic and assessing the effectiveness of intervention measures. However, current methods for distinguishing new ...
Hospitalizations for infections have been associated with subsequent decreased cognitive ability, but it is uncertain if childhood infections influence subsequent scholastic achievement (SA). We aimed...
WHO estimates that 131 million new cases of urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections occur globally every year. Most infections are asymptomatic. Untreated infection in women can lead to sev...
Bacteria are the major contributor of ocular infections worldwide. Ocular infections, if left untreated, can damage the structures of the eye with possible blindness and visual impairments. This work ...
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Infections with viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES. The concept includes FILOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...