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The prevalence of asthma continues to increase. Despite the large number of available therapies, many patients continue to require emergency deparment (ED) visits and intensive therapy. However, ED visits continue to be a major contributor to the healthcare cost of asthma treatment. In the United States alone, asthma is the 11th most common reason for ED visits, with ED visits and hospitalizations accounting for almost 50% of the healthcare cost for asthma. Additionally, while only 20% of asthmatics have had ED visits or hospitalizations, these patients account for over 80% of the direct costs for asthma treatment. Current National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) guidelines regarding management of acute asthma exacerbations in the ED setting include: oxygenation for most patients, inhaled short-acting β2-agonists and systemic corticosteroids.
Zileuton, a specific 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, has been extensively studied in inflammatory diseases such as asthma, which involve leukotrienes as mediators of inflammation. Zileuton Immediate Release (IR) tablets (Zyflo®) were approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in December 1996 for the prevention and treatment of asthma in adults and children 12 years of age and older. The results of the 2 pivotal studies in asthmatics with zileuton IR tablets demonstrated that zileuton at a dose of 600 mg QID produced and maintained a lasting improvement of lung function. In addition to the lasting effect of zileuton, an acute bronchodilation (as early as 60 minutes) was observed after administration of the first 600 mg oral dose.
This acute bronchodilator effect may benefit patients during an acute exacerbation of asthma when added to the usual care in the ED or clinic setting. Critical Therapeutics has developed an injectable formulation of zileuton that will be explored for use in acute asthma exacerbations. This initial study is intended to provide PK data, information on safety and tolerability and some indication of pharmacologic activity as evidenced by lung function changes. In an attempt to enhance the potential for observing effects on lung function, only those patients with a demonstrated ability to respond by an increase in FEV1 of at least 10% within 3 hours after oral zileuton dosing will be enrolled.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Allergy & Asthma Specialist Medical Group
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:25:29-0400
A single intravenous injection of zileuton (150 or 300 mg) will be administered to patients with stable asthma. The goals will be to determine if zileuton i.v. can produce a rapid increase...
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Administration of epinephrine should be intramuscularly in the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. The length of the epinephrine autoinjector, EAI, needle should assure intramuscular injection.
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The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Adverse reactions that occur initially at the site of injection or infusion. Milder type is confined to a local allergic flare reaction. A more severe reaction is caused by extravasation of VESICANTS from the blood vessel at the site of injection and can cause damage to the surrounding tissue. In tumor flare reaction symptoms involve well beyond the injection site such as an increase in the tumor size and tumor markers levels, bone pain, and HYPERCALCEMIA.
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Total or subtotal destruction of the pituitary gland by chemical injection. It is usually achieved by injection of ethyl alcohol via trans-sphenoidal cannulation under stereotaxic control. It is usually performed for the treatment of intractable pain.
Hemorrhagic necrosis that was first demonstrated in rabbits with a two-step reaction, an initial local (intradermal) or general (intravenous) injection of a priming endotoxin (ENDOTOXINS) followed by a second intravenous endotoxin injection (provoking agent) 24 h later. The acute inflammation damages the small blood vessels. The following intravascular coagulation leads to capillary and venous THROMBOSIS and NECROSIS. Shwartzman phenomenon can also occur in other species with a single injection of a provoking agent, and during infections or pregnancy. Its susceptibility depends on the status of IMMUNE SYSTEM, coagulation, FIBRINOLYSIS, and blood flow.
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Health care (or healthcare) is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans. Health care is delivered by practitioners in medicine, chiropractic, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, a...