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Current standard of care for post-operative analgesia after breast surgery in CDHA is Tylenol #3® (300 mg acetaminophen, 30 mg codeine, 15 mg caffeine per tablet). We are proposing to test the analgesic efficacy of acetaminophen plus ibuprofen against Tylenol #3® in patients undergoing outpatient breast surgery.
Block randomization will be used to randomize patients to one of two combinations. Group A will receive capsules containing 650 mg Acetaminophen plus 400 mg Ibuprofen. Group B will receive capsules containing 600 mg Acetaminophen, 15 mg caffeine and 60 mg codeine. Capsules are placed in identical dossettes containing a seven day supply. Patients are instructed to start taking their medications post-op and continue until they are pain free. All participants are given a series of blank Visual Analogue scales and Likert scales and instructed to record their level of pain intensity and pain relief four times per day for the entire week. Peri-operative pain management will be standardized. Patients will not receive pre-operative analgesics. Intra-operative analgesia will be intravenous opioids as selected by anaesthesiology. No local/regional anaesthesia will be used. Intravenous ketorolac will not be allowed for trial participants. All patients will receive intravenous opioid and anti-emetic if required in PACU. Any patients with peri-operative complications or other problems requiring admission or alternative analgesics will be excluded.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
acetaminophen plus codeine, acetaminophen plus ibuprofen
QEII Health Sciences Centre
Capital District Health Authority, Canada
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:50-0400
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