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The purpose of this study is to elucidate whether the individualized medicine based on NAT2 gene polymorphism could improve the safety, efficacy and economical benefits of multi-drug therapy for the pulmonary tuberculosis with isoniazid.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Osaka Prefectural Medical Center for Respiratory and Allergic Diseases
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:50-0400
The purpose of this study is to study the effect that treatment of dormant tuberculosis infection has on the immunological system. We expect to observe an impact over the production of c...
The objective of the study was to compare the compliance and the side effects of a short course to treatment of latent tuberculosis infection during 3 months(isoniazid plus rifampin)group ...
Assess the mycobactericidal activity of PA-824 (given at 200 mg daily) when added to first-line TB treatment (isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and a rifamycin antibiotic) over 12 weeks of treatme...
The purpose of this study is to determine if the combination rifapentine + isoniazid is effective in the prevention of tuberculosis in a prison population, exposed to the high endemicity o...
Assess the Efficacy of HUEXC030 as Add-on Excipient to Eradicate Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs Induced Hepatic Injury ( ATDH ) in Subjects with Pulmonary Tuberculosis
The prevalence of isoniazid mono resistance is high in India. We investigated the molecular epidemiological characteristics association with the isoniazid resistance mutations in Mycobacterium tubercu...
A short-course regimen of three months of weekly rifapentine and isoniazid (3HP) has recently been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an alternative to at least six months of daily ...
A 9-month regimen of isoniazid can prevent active tuberculosis in persons with latent tuberculosis infection. However, the regimen has been associated with poor adherence rates and with toxic effects.
The treatment of latent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is important in children because of their vulnerability to life-threatening forms of tuberculosis disease. The current standard treatm...
Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is critical to the control and elimination of tuberculosis disease (TB) in the United States. In 2011, CDC recommended a short-course combination regi...
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Antibacterial agent used primarily as a tuberculostatic. It remains the treatment of choice for tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges (TUBERCULOSIS, MENINGEAL), most often caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS and rarely by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The infection may be limited to the nervous system or coexist in other organs (e.g., TUBERCULOSIS, PULMONARY). The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. Tuberculous involvement of the vertebral column (TUBERCULOSIS, SPINAL) may result in nerve root or spinal cord compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-20)
The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
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