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Combination Therapy of Betaseron-Prograf in Multiple Sclerosis

2014-08-27 03:45:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a combination of interferon beta 1-b (Betaseron®) and tacrolimus (Prograf®) in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS) who have failed treatment with currently approved drugs for MS

Prograf is an immunosuppressant that weakens the immune reactions responsible to protect the organism against infections. It is currently available on the market for patients who have received an organ transplant, to prevent rejection. Because of its effect on the immune system, theoretically, Prograf should exert a significant effect in MS. It has been tried in a small number of MS patients at a lower dose than the one used in organ transplant, however the results of the study did not allow to draw definite conclusions on its safety and efficacy in MS.

Betaseron is approved in Canada for the reduction of the frequency of relapses in patients with relapsing-remitting MS and for the slowing of progression and reduction of the frequency of relapses in patients with secondary-progressive MS. The combination of Betaseron and Prograf may result in an additive effect or an increase in the actions of the drugs. However, the combination of the two drugs has never been studied.

The aim of this study is to see how well the combination of Betaseron and Prograf is tolerated by patients with MS. The side effects of the treatment, if any, will be followed. In addition, the efficacy of the combination will be evaluated.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

Interferon beta-1b and Tacrolimus

Location

Clinique de sclérose en plaques et neuromusculaire
Gatineau
Quebec
Canada
J8Y 1W7

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Clinique de sclérose en plaques et neuromusculaire de l'Outaouais

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:51-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

An interferon beta-1 subtype that has a methionine at position 1, a cysteine at position 17, and is glycosylated at position 80. It functions as an ANTI-VIRAL AGENT and IMMUNOMODULATOR and is used to manage the symptoms of RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).

A ubiquitously expressed heterodimeric receptor that is specific for both INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It is composed of two subunits referred to as IFNAR1 and IFNAR2. The IFNAR2 subunit is believed to serve as the ligand-binding chain; however both chains are required for signal transduction. The interferon alpha-beta receptor signals through the action of JANUS KINASES such as the TYK2 KINASE.

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