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The purpose of this study is to review patients with E. coli infections at UPMC from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2005 to determine if these infections have arisen in the community rather than in hospitals or nursing homes. The occurrence of such resistant isolates could be devastating if they were associated with bloodstream infection, such as sometimes accompanies urinary tract infection, since antibiotic resistant E. coli is not suspected in isolates coming from the community.
The following variables will be followed: age, sex, hospital location at the time of positive culture (ER, medical ward, ICU etc), prior hospitalization or nursing home admission, receipt of outpatient dialysis or other regular medical care (eg, outpatient chemotherapy), presence of invasive devices, receipt of antibiotics, including their type and whether they were adequate for the resistance profile of the organism, prior positive microbiologic cultures.
Time Perspective: Retrospective
E Coli Infection
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Active, not recruiting
University of Pittsburgh
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:45:53-0400
The existing diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) challenge model is already suitable for dietary interventions in its current form, targeted to impact on the immediate clinical sympt...
The purpose of this study is to collect information from study participants who develop a serious infection caused by a bacterium called E.coli during a period of 12 months. This informati...
The study proposes to test whether chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori protects individuals from symptomatic infection with enteropathogenic E. coli. The study will also evaluate th...
The sequence type 131 (ST131) is a predominant lineage among extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli. It plays a major role in the worldwide dissemination of E. coli that produce exten...
The purpose of this study is to collect information from study participants who are hospitalized with an invasive disease caused by Extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC). This informa...
There are few studies describing Escherichia coli (E. coli) bloodstream infection (BSI) among children in Africa, yet E.coli is increasing in importance as a cause of antibiotic resistant infection in...
A functional synergy was previously demonstrated between microcin, salmochelin and colibactin islands in Escherichia coli strains from B2 phylogroup. We aimed to determine this association prevalence ...
Vaginitis is very common among women, especially women of childbearing age, and is associated with significantly increased risk of preterm birth and pelvic inflammatory diseases. An imbalance in the v...
To investigate the drug resistance of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli ) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) in children with urinary tract infection ...
Escherichia coli infection of the female reproductive tract is a significant cause of disease in humans and animals, but simple animal models are lacking. Here we report that vaginal inoculation of ur...
Strains of Escherichia coli that possess virulence traits which allow them to invade, colonize, and induce disease in tissues outside of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. They are a cause of URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS (UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI); neonatal MENINGITIS; SEPSIS; PNEUMONIA; and SURGICAL WOUND INFECTION.
Strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI that are a subgroup of SHIGA-TOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI. They cause non-bloody and bloody DIARRHEA; HEMOLYTIC UREMIC SYNDROME; and hemorrhagic COLITIS. An important member of this subgroup is ESCHERICHIA COLI O157-H7.
An enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli of the O subfamily that can cause severe FOODBORNE DISEASE. The H4 serotype strain produces SHIGA TOXINS and has been linked to human disease outbreaks, including some cases of HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME, resulting from contamination of foods by feces containing E. coli O104.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
A species of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria belonging to the K serogroup of ESCHERICHIA COLI. It lives as a harmless inhabitant of the human LARGE INTESTINE and is widely used in medical and GENETIC RESEARCH.
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