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Phase II High-Dose Cyclophosphamide for Multiple Sclerosis

2014-08-27 03:45:57 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine what percentage of patients receiving high-dose Cyclophosphamide may experience a halt in the worsening of their disease or experience improvement of their disease and for how long the benefit may last.

Description

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the major disabling neurologic disease of young adults,and represents the most common immune-mediated inflammatory and demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). Active inflammatory lesions contain components that include T cells, macrophages, and activated microglia. Within these lesions myelin is removed, axons are damaged and oligodendrocytes may be lost. In lesions undergoing inflammatory demyelination axonal injury also occurs. The disability MS produces is underscored by the nearly fifty percent of patients who will require ambulatory aids within 15 years after disease onset.

Currently, there is no cure for MS. Therapy is targeted at changing the short-term natural history of MS: to decrease attack rates and to postpone long-term disability. At present, interferon beta and glatiramer acetate form the foundation of therapy for relapsing MS. Mitoxantrone is approved for more severe cases of relapsing MS, such as those with rapidly accumulating neurologic impairments.

High-dose cyclophosphamide (HDC) is a non-bone marrow transplant treatment option for those afflicted by severe, refractory immune-mediated illnesses by pathologic autoreactive lymphocytes. The goal of this therapy is to induce immunoablation without myeloablation: that is, to eradicate offending B and T cells responsible for the illness while sparing the pluripotent blood stem cell of any ill effect. Since 1966, multiple publications on numerous immune-mediated illnesses have shown HDC without stem-cell rescue to decrease disease activity and improve quality of life

In this protocol we study HDC for severe, refractory MS. The primary goal is to assess the safety of HDC in this population, where no data exists regarding the tolerability of high-dose chemotherapy without stem-cell rescue. The treatment goal is not to induce disease regression (resolution of fixed neurologic deficits), but rather to stop disease progression without further remittive therapy.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

Cyclophosphamide

Location

Stony Brook University Hospital
Stony Brook
New York
United States
11794-8174

Status

Withdrawn

Source

Stony Brook University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:57-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

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