Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of this study is to assess innovative treatment methods in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) as well as those at risk of developing ARDS.
ARDS affects approximately 150,000 people in the United States each year. Despite twenty years of research into the mechanisms that cause this syndrome and numerous developments in the technology of mechanical ventilation, the mortality rate has remained greater than 50 percent. In addition to the tragic loss of human life, this condition poses a cost to society because these patients spend an average of two weeks in intensive care units and require multiple high tech procedures. Because of the overwhelming nature of the lung injury once it is established, prevention appears to be the most effective strategy for improving the outlook for those with ARDS.
Basic research has identified numerous inflammatory pathways that are associated with the development of ARDS. Agents that block these mediators prolong survival in animals with lung injury, and a few of them have been tested in human patients. Because of the large number of putative mediators and the variety of ways that their action can be blocked, the possibility for new drug development is almost infinite. This is an exciting prospect, since it envisions the first effective pharmacologic treatment for ARDS. However, preliminary clinical studies have shown conflicting results, and there is an urgent need for a mechanism to efficiently and effectively test new drugs in ARDS. Treatment studies in patients with ARDS are difficult to perform for three reasons. First, the complicated clinical picture makes it difficult to accumulate a large number of comparable patients in any one center. Secondly, there is no agreement on the optimal supportive care of these critically ill patients. Finally, many of the patients meeting study criteria will not be enrolled in study protocols because of the acute nature of the disease process. For these reasons, therapeutic trials in ARDS require multicenter cooperation.
This study compared the effect of corticosteroids with placebo in the management of late-phase (greater than seven days) ARDS. The study determined if the administration of the corticosteroid, methylprednisolone sodium succinate, in severe ARDS that was either stable or worsening after seven days, would reduce mortality and morbidity. The primary endpoint was mortality at 60 days. Secondary endpoints included ventilator-free days and organ failure-free days. LaSRS was designed to include 400 patients and began recruiting in the Spring of 1997. In October 1999, the data and safety monitoring board (DSMB) reduced the recruitment target number to 200 patients because the eligible patients were fewer than anticipated.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:46:07-0400
Neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) is a rare but often severe respiratory disorder. The incidence remains unclear and mortality is about 30%-60%. It is characterized by acu...
It is acknowledged that IL-18, as a product of the inflammasome, is involved in host defence against viral and bacterial stimuli by modulating the immune response. The aim of this study wa...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in neonates has been defined in 2017.The death rate is over 50%. There are no special treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome in neonates has been defined in 2015. However, sparse and conflicting evidence exists regarding mortality risk from pediatric acute respiratory distress...
A study to examine the safety (and potential efficacy) of the adult stem cell investigational product, MultiStem, in adults who have Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). The primary...
Extrapulmonary pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome and pulmonary pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome are poorly described in the literature. We aimed to describe and compare the ep...
To describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome with or without spontaneous breathing and to investigate whether the effects of spontaneous breathing ...
Exposure to air pollution has molecular and physiologic effects on the lung that may increase the risk of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) after injury.
Several successful uses of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with novel HIV/AIDS infection have been reported; however, the therapeutic key...
Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is increasingly being used to support patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, but its cost-effectiveness is unknown. We assessed the co...
A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.
A species of PNEUMOVIRUS causing an important respiratory infection in cattle. Symptoms include fever, conjunctivitis, and respiratory distress.
An acute hypersensitivity reaction due to exposure to a previously encountered ANTIGEN. The reaction may include rapidly progressing URTICARIA, respiratory distress, vascular collapse, systemic SHOCK, and death.
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...