Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The main purpose is to prevent syncope in patients with recurrent syncopal episodes caused by malignant vasovagal faints and bradycardia. Patients are treated by a special pacemaker (closed loop stimulation [CLS]) which can potentially identify an incipient attack and prevent syncope by pacing.
The treatment of patients with recurrent syncope of vasovagal origin, not precipitated by usual vasovagal factors, and not associated with structural heart disease, is unsolved. The limitations of the conducted 5 pacemaker studies are a significant placebo effect of pacemaker treatment, underpowering and lack of double blinding. The pacemaker intervention has been accelerated dual chamber pacing at the time of bradycardia, which may be too late. However, a pooling of all data indicate a beneficial effect of pacing.
Vasodilatation is an obligate element of all vasovagal syncopal episodes and in many also an early sign associated with the hyperkinetic empty left ventricle which triggers the reflex wave. The principle in closed loop stimulation (CLS) is a continuous surveillance of the impedance in the right ventricle which correlates highly with myocardial contractility. When contractility is increased significantly atrial pacing with prolonged AV delay is commenced. This principle has been used in chronotropic incompetent patients and in one small study of patients with vasovagal syncope with a positive outcome. The hypothesis is that the CLS will potentially identify an incipient vasovagal attack and be able to prevent the drop in cardiac output and bradycardia by early accelerated pacing.
Patients will be treated 12 months with active pacing (CLS) and then crossed over to 12 months with passive pacing (VVI, 30 bpm).
The study will be double blinded, only a technician will know the status of the pacemaker.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Pacemaker treatment, pacemaker programmed as active = CLS, Pacemaker, programmed as passive = VVI 30 beats per minute (bpm)
Henning Mølgaard, MD, DMSc
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:04-0400
Aim: To compare patient satisfaction with intramuscular placement of a pacemaker pocket to subcutaneous placement. Patients will be randomized (approximately half i each group) to receive...
Prospective, non-randomized, single-arm, international multicenter, clinical safety and effectiveness of a leadless pacemaker system in patients who are indicated for a VVIR pacemaker.
The objective of this study is to prove the safety and efficacy of the EVIA pacemaker. Primarily, the newly implemented Atrial Capture Control algorithm is evaluated, which automatically m...
This study is prospective Cohort study which was performed in multicenter (General Hospital) in Korea. Inclusion criteria is patients post pacemaker implantation. The purpose is to investi...
In this prospective pilot study, we proposed to evaluate the effects of left interscalene stimulation on cardiac pacemaker function.
Expanding clinical indications of cardiac rhythm management have led to an increased use of pacemaker implantation which is associated with increased incidence of pacemaker infections. Staphylococcus ...
New JGP study models how sinoatrial node pacemaker activity changes in aged hearts.
Constrictive pericarditis secondary to endocardial pacemaker inflammation, without associated pericardial effusion or infection, has yet to be described in the literature. We present a case of a 42-ye...
Oblivious manipulation of the device by the patient is referred to as "Twiddler's" syndrome. It is characterized by the coiling of the pacemaker lead due to the rotation of the pacemaker generator on ...
An artificial pacemaker is a small medical device that uses electrical impulses, delivered by electrodes contracting the heart muscles, to regulate the beating of the heart. The pacemaker is implanted...
Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.
A device designed to stimulate, by electric impulses, contraction of the heart muscles. It may be temporary (external) or permanent (internal or internal-external).
A costimulatory B7 antigen that has specificity for the T-CELL receptor PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 RECEPTOR. It is closely-related to CD274 antigen; however, its expression is restricted to DENDRITIC CELLS and activated MACROPHAGES.
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature atrial contractions or beats caused by signals originating from ectopic atrial sites. The ectopic signals may or may not conduct to the HEART VENTRICLES. Atrial premature complexes are characterized by premature P waves on ECG which are different in configuration from the P waves generated by the normal pacemaker complex in the SINOATRIAL NODE.
A cardiac arrhythmia that is caused by interaction of two independently initiated cardiac impulses of different rates from two separate foci. Generally one focus is the SINOATRIAL NODE, the normal pacemaker. The ectopic focus is usually in the HEART VENTRICLE but can be in the HEART ATRIUM or the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. Modulation of the parasystolic rhythm by the sinus rhythm depends on the completeness of entrance block surrounding the parasystolic focus.
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...